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Identifying Women's Knowledge about Risk Factors of Breast Cancer and Reasons for Having Mammography

  • Guvenc, Inanc (Department of Radiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Guvenc, Gulten (School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Tastan, Sevinc (School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy) ;
  • Akyuz, Aygul (School of Nursing, Gulhane Military Medical Academy)
  • Published : 2012.08.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify breast cancer risk factors and reasons for having mammography of the women who applied for mammography, as well as to determine their level of knowledge about risk factors and level of risk perception, and anxiety concerning breast cancer. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from June 15, 2010 through September 10, 2010, in a university hospital in Ankara, Turkey. A questionnaire prepared by the researchers was used to collect the data. The mean age of the women was $52.1{\pm}9.98$ years. Sixteen percent of the women had a family history of breast cancer. The majority of participants had mammograms (75.8%) before and had gained knowledge about breast cancer and its screening (73.7%). The leading source of information about breast cancer was physicians (46.2%). Physician recommendations, having breast-related complaints, and family history of breast cancer were important reasons to obtain mammography. The mean knowledge score about risk factors of breast cancer was $4.15{\pm}2.73$ and the mean anxiety score was $1.65{\pm}1.61$. It was found that some socio-demographic and obstetrical characteristics of women, their family history, and risk perceptions about breast cancer affect their knowledge and anxiety scores about breast cancer. In conclusion, the present study identified a number of factors affecting mammography participation for women. The results of this study can be helpful in promoting screening for breast cancer.

Keywords

Breast cancer;risk factors;breast cancer knowledge;mammography;risk perception;Turkey

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