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Targeting Tumor Metastasis by Regulating Nm23 Gene Expression

  • Prabhu, V. Vinod ;
  • Siddikuzzaman, Siddikuzzaman ;
  • Grace, V.M. Berlin ;
  • Guruvayoorappan, C.
  • Published : 2012.08.31

Abstract

The Nm23 gene is a metastatic suppressor identified in a melanoma cell line and expressed in different tumors where their levels of expression are associated with reduced or increased metastatic potential. Nm23 is one of the over 20 metastasis suppressor genes (MSGs) confirmed in vivo. It is highly conserved from yeast to human, implying a critical developmental function. Tumors with alteration of the p53 gene and reduced expression of the Nm23 gene are more prone to metastasis. Nm23-H1 has 3'-5' exonuclease activity. This review focuses on the role of Nm23 in cancer progression and also a potential novel target for cancer therapy.

Keywords

Nm23 gene;metastasis suppressor;tumor metastasis;MSGs;matrix metalloproteinase proteins

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