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Effective Porosity Variation of Cement Samples According to Vacuum Pressure and Time

진공의 압력과 시간을 달리할 때 시멘트시험편의 유효공극률 변화

  • Lee, Sang Kyu (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Lee, Tae Jong (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Kim, Hyoung Chan (Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM))
  • Received : 2012.10.12
  • Accepted : 2012.11.19
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

Effective porosity has been measured for cement specimen as a function of vacuum time and pressure in the vacuum saturation process. Six cement specimen are used; three of them are made of the same ratio of cement and sand, the other three are 100% cement mortar, of which average porosity is about 25% and 40%, respectively. Using the 6 samples, measured effective porosities are compared and examined with 5 different vacuum pressures (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 torr) and times (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 minute), respectively. Comparing measured effective porosity from experiments when vacuum time varies from 100 minute to 20 minute with 20 minute step and vacuum pressure is fixed to 10, 6, and 2 torr, average deviation decreases as 0.6, 0.5, and 0.2% respectively. Comparing measured effective porosity from experiments when vacuum pressure varies from 2 torr to 10 torr with 2 torr step and vacuum time is fixed to 100, 60, and 20 minute, average deviation increases as vacuum time decreases. These results can be a background of suggested method of ISRM that describes the vacuum time longer than 60 minute and vacuum pressure higher than 6 torr. In this study, only qualitative discussion can be possible for the effects on the effective porosity by decreasing 20 minute vacuuming time at the same pressure or by decreasing 2 torr of vacuum pressure at the same vacuum time. This is because the sample could not reached to perfectly dried condition even though the sample were dried at $105^{\circ}C$ and following the ISRM suggested method, so that initial water content could not be the same at each experiment.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 한반도 남동부의 지열이상대 특성규명 및 지열자원 부존 평가

Supported by : 한국지질자원연구원

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