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Comparison of Temperature-dependent Development Model of Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) under Constant Temperature and Fluctuating Temperature

실내 항온과 온실 변온조건에서 목화진딧물의 온도 발육비교

  • Kim, Do-Ik (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Ko, Suk-Ju (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Choi, Duck-Soo (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kang, Beom-Ryong (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Park, Chang-Gyu (Crop Protection Division, Department of Agricultural biology, National Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Kim, Seon-Gon (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Park, Jong-Dae (Jeollanamdo Agricultural Research & Extension Services) ;
  • Kim, Sang-Soo (Division of Horticulture and Plant Medicine, Sunchon National University)
  • 김도익 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 고숙주 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 최덕수 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 강범용 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 박창규 (국립농업과학원 농업생물부) ;
  • 김선곤 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 박종대 (전남농업기술원 연구개발국) ;
  • 김상수 (순천대학교 원예생물의학부)
  • Received : 2012.04.19
  • Accepted : 2012.11.13
  • Published : 2012.12.01

Abstract

The developmental time period of Aphis gossypii was studied in laboratory (six constant temperatures from 15 to $30^{\circ}C$ with 50~60% RH, and a photoperiod of 14L:10D) and in a cucumber plastic house. The mortality of A. gossypii in the laboratory was high in the 2nd (20.0%) and 3rd stage(13.3%) at low temperature but high in the 3rd (26.7%) and 4th stage (33.3%) at high temperatures. Mortality in the plastic house was high in the 1st and 2nd stage but there was no mortality in the 4th stage at low temperature. The total developmental period was longest at $15^{\circ}C$ (12.2 days) in the laboratory and shortest at $28.5^{\circ}C$ (4.09 days) in the plastic house. The lower threshold temperature at the total nymphal stage was $6.8^{\circ}C$ in laboratory. The thermal constant required to reach the total nymphal stage was 111.1DD. The relationship between the developmental rate and temperature fit the nonlinear model of Logan-6 which has the lowest value for the Akaike information criterion(AIC) and Bayesian information criterion(BIC). The distribution of completion of each development stage was well described by the 3-parameter Weibull function ($r^2=0.89{\sim}0.96$). This model accurately described the predicted and observed outcomes. Thus it is considered that the model can be used for predicting the optimal spray time for Aphis gossypii.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 진딧물 개체군 동태 모델 및 방제 의사결정 체계 개발

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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