DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

격리된 도시숲, 홍릉숲 나비군집의 특성

이철민;권태성
Lee, Cheol Min;Kwon, Tae-Sung

  • 투고 : 2012.07.03
  • 심사 : 2012.08.10
  • 발행 : 2012.12.01

초록

녹색 섬의 형태로 존재하는 도시숲은 대도시에 서식하는 생물들의 주 서식공간이다. 도시숲은 면적이 적고, 임연부의 비율이 높다. 이러한 특성 때문에 도시 외곽의 산림의 나비군집에 비해 도시숲의 나비군집는 종다양성이 낮고, 초지종, 숲가장자리종과 생태지위 범위가 더 넓은 일반종의 비율이 높을 것으로 예상된다. 이러한 사실을 밝히기 위해 전형적인 도시숲인 홍릉숲에서 나비를 선조사법으로 주별로 조사하였다. 홍릉숲의 나비군집은 도시외곽의 산림에 사는 나비군집에 비해 종다양성이 월등히 낮았고, 초지종, 숲가장자리종과 일반종의 비율이 높아 예측되는 것과 동일한 결과를 얻었다. 홍릉숲에서 멸종위기 2급종인 쌍꼬리부전나비가 관찰됨으로서, 도시숲은 희귀종의 보존에 중요한 역할을 한다고 할 수 있다.

키워드

나비;홍릉숲;도시화;서식처 유형;생태지위 범위;보존

참고문헌

  1. Blair, R.B, Launer, A.E. 1997. Butterfly diversity and human land use: species assemblages along an urban gradient. Biol. Conserv. 80, 113-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(96)00056-0
  2. Chao, A., 1984. Nonparametric estimation of the number of classes in a population. Scand. J. Statist 11, 265-270.
  3. Choi, M.J., 2011. Distribution and reestablishment of endangered species of butterflies in Korea. M.S. thesis. Daejeon University. pp. 66.
  4. Colwell, R.K., Mao, C.X. Chang, J., 2004. Interpolating, extrapolating, and comparing incidence-based species accumulation curves. Ecology 85, 2717-2727. https://doi.org/10.1890/03-0557
  5. Colwell, R.K., 2005. Estimate S: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from sample. Version 7.5 User's Guide and application published at : http://puri.ocic.org/estimates.
  6. Cornelis, J., Hermy, M., 2004. Biodiversity relationships in urban and suburban parks in Flanders. Landscape Urban Plan. 69, 385-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2003.10.038
  7. Fujita, A., Maeto, K., Kagawa, Y. Ito, N., 2008. Effects of forest fragmentation on species richness and composition of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and Brachinidae) in urban landscapes. Entomol. Sci. 11, 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-8298.2007.00243.x
  8. Hanski, I., 1998. Metapopulation dynamics. Nature 396, 41-49. https://doi.org/10.1038/23876
  9. Hiura, I. 1973. The butterfly flying over the sea. Shisakusha, Tokyo. (in Japanese)
  10. Honda, K., Kato, Y., 2005. Biology of butterflies. 626 pp. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo.
  11. Hutchinson, G., 1957. Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harbor Symposim Quant. Biol. 22, 415-427. https://doi.org/10.1101/SQB.1957.022.01.039
  12. Imai, C., 1998. An ecological study for enrichment of biological diversity in urban areas. Jpn. J. Environ. Entomol. Zool. 2, 55-73. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  13. Ishii, M., 2001. Studies on insects and their habitats in the satoyama in a broader sense. Jpn. J. Environ. Entomol. Zool. 12, 187-193.
  14. Ishii, M., Yamada, M., Hirowatari, T., Yasuda, T., 1991. Diversity of butterfly communities in urban parks in Osaka prefecture. Entomol. Zool. 3, 183-195. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  15. Jang, Y.J., 2006. Oviposition behavior and the ethological records on the social parasite of myrmecophilous lycaenid butterflies (Lepidoptera) in the Kor. Peninsula. J. Lepid. Soc. Korea 16, 21-31.
  16. Jang, Y.J., Kim, Y.-S., Jeong, J.C., 2006. Faunistic study on butterflies of Mt. Gwanaksan in Seoul, Korea. J. Lepid. Soc. Korea 16, 55-62.
  17. Jo, J.H., Park, C.R., Kim, S.K., 2011. Hongneung forest. Korea Forest Research Insitute News 11-09.
  18. Kawase, N., Natuhara, Y., 2007. Suitable habitats and habitat network of a threatened aeshnid dragonfly, Aeschnophlebia longistigma Selys (Odonata, Aeshnidae) in suburban areas of Sakai city, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Jpn. J. Environ. Entomol. Zool. 18, 123-131.
  19. D.S., 2008. Geomorphological background and urbanized feature of Seoul. 180 pp. Ph.D. Thesis of Korea National University of Education.
  20. Kim, S.S., 2012. Life histories of Kor. butterflies. 540 pp. Sagyejeol Publishing. Seoul.
  21. Kim, S.S. and T.-S. Kwon. 2008. Analysis on change of butterfly fauna at Mt. Goryeongsan, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. J. Lepid. Soc. Korea 18, 15-23.
  22. Kitahara, H., Fujii, K., 1994. Biodiversity and community structure of temperate butterfly species within a gradient of human disturbance: An analysis based on the concept of generalist vs. specialist strategies. Res. Popul. Ecol. 36, 187-199. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02514935
  23. Kwon, T-S., Byun, B.K., Lee, B.W., Lee, C.Y., Shon, J.D., Kang, S.H., Kim, S.S., Kim, Y.K., 2009. Estimation of species richness of butterfly community in the Gwangneung forest, Korea. Kor. J. Appl. Entomol. 48, 439-445. https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2009.48.4.439
  24. Kwon, T.-S., Lee, C.M., Chun, J.H., Seong, J.H., Kim, S.K., 2011. Ants in Hongneung forest. Research Report 412 of Korea Forest Research Institute. 88 pp. Nanuri Pub. Co. Seoul.
  25. Kwon, T.-S., Kim, S.S., Chun, J.H., Byun, B.K., Lim, J.-H., Shin, J.H., 2010. Changes in butterfly abundance in response to global warming and reforestation. Environ. Entomol. 39, 337-345. https://doi.org/10.1603/EN09184
  26. Lee, C.M., Ishii, M., 2009. Species diversity of ground beetle assemblages at urban greeneries in southern Osaka, central Japan. Jpn. J. Environ. Entomol. Zool. 20, 47-58. (in Japanese with English abstract)
  27. MacArthur, R.H., Wilson, E.O., 1967. The theory of island biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  28. Maleque, M.A., Maeto, K., Ishii, H.T., 2009. Arthropods as bioindicators of sustainable forest management, with a focus on plantation forests. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 44, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1303/aez.2009.1
  29. Mcdonald, R.I., Kareiva, P., Forman, R.T.T., 2008. The implications of current and future urbanization for global protected area and biodiversity conservation. Biol. Conserv. 141, 1695-1703. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2008.04.025
  30. McKinney, M. L., 2002. Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation. BioScience 52, 883-890. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2002)052[0883:UBAC]2.0.CO;2
  31. Motegi, N., Yanai, S., 2005. A study on the characteristics of bird distribution in rooftop vegetation in Tokyo Ward. The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture 68, 597-600. https://doi.org/10.5632/jila.68.597
  32. Osawa, S., Katsuno, T., 2005. Distribution pattern of amphibian on rural landscape in the middle reaches of the Oita river, northeast Kyusyu. The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture 68, 563-566. https://doi.org/10.5632/jila.68.563
  33. Parmesan, C., Phyholm, N., Stefanescus, C., Hill, J.K., Thomas, C.D., Descimon, H., Huntley, B., Kalla, L., Kullberg, J., Tammaru, T., Tennent, W.J., Thomas, J.A., Warren, M., 1999. Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming. Nature 399, 579-583. https://doi.org/10.1038/21181
  34. Pearce, J.L., Venier, L.A., 2006. The use of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) as bioindicators of sustainable forest management: A review. Ecol. Indic. 6: 780-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2005.03.005
  35. Pollard, E., Yates, T.J., 1993. Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. Conservation biology series. 288 pp. Chapman & Hall, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology & Nature Conservation Committee, London, United Kingdom.
  36. Shannon, C.E., Weaver, W., 1949. A mathematical theory of communication. 117 pp. Urbana, IL, University of Illinois press.
  37. UNFPA., 2007. State of the world population 2007: Unleashing the potential of urban growth. United Nations Population Fund.
  38. Vimal, R., Geniaux, G., Pluvinet, P., Napoleone, C., Lepart, J., 2012. Detecting threatened biodiversity by urbanization at regional and local scales using an urban sprawl simulation approach: Application on the French Mediterranean region. Landscape Urban Plan. 104, 343-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.11.003

피인용 문헌

  1. A Study on the Management Plan of Hongneung Forest Based on Visitor Monitoring vol.104, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040
  2. Butterfly fauna in Mount Gariwang-san, Korea vol.9, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040
  3. A study on selection of Butterfly and Plant Species for Butterfly Gardening vol.21, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040
  4. Diversity and density of butterfly communities in urban green areas: an analytical approach using GIS vol.54, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040
  5. Change of Butterfly Communities After Clear Cutting in Gwangneung Forest vol.53, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040
  6. Effects of forest degradation on butterfly communities in the Gwangneung Forest vol.17, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.07.0.040