Characterization of the Butterfly Community of a Fragmented Urban Forest, Hongneung Forest

격리된 도시숲, 홍릉숲 나비군집의 특성

  • Lee, Cheol Min (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kwon, Tae-Sung (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute)
  • 이철민 (국립산림과학원 산림생태연구과) ;
  • 권태성 (국립산림과학원 산림생태연구과)
  • Received : 2012.07.03
  • Accepted : 2012.08.10
  • Published : 2012.12.01


Fragmented urban forests, as green islands within urban area, are the primary habitats for a vast number of different organisms inhabiting large cities. The areas of the urban forests are usually small, and hence, the proportion of the forest edge is relatively high. It is therefore expected that overall butterfly diversity may be lower than that of suburban or rural forests, and that those of grassland species, forest edge species, and generalist species with a wider niche breadth may be richer. Butterflies were surveyed weekly by the line transact method in order to characterize the butterfly community of the Hongneung Forest, a fragmented urban forest in Seoul. Butterfly richness of the study forest is much lower than those of main forests around or in Seoul. Grassland species, forest edge species, and generalist species were found to be richer, which was in agreement with the expected patterns of urban butterfly communities. Also, an endangered species, Spindasis takanonis, was observed in the Hongneung Forest, showing that urban forests play important roles for conservation of rare species.


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