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Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Relationships of Korean Native Goat Populations by Microsatellite Markers

MS 표지를 이용한 한국재래염소 집단의 유전적 다양성 및 유연관계 분석

  • Suh, Sangwon (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Byun, Mijeong (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Young-Sin (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Jick (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Seong-Bok (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Ko, Yeoung-Gyu (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Hun (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Lim, Hyun-Tae (Department of Animal Science, Collage of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hwan (Animal Genetic Resources Station, National Institute of Animal Science, RDA)
  • 서상원 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 변미정 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 김영신 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 김명직 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 최성복 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 고응규 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 김동훈 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장) ;
  • 임현태 (경상대학교 농업생명과학대학 축산학과) ;
  • 김재환 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원 가축유전자원시험장)
  • Received : 2012.09.05
  • Accepted : 2012.11.02
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

The level of genetic variation and relationships in three native Korean goat populations (Dangjin, Jangsu, and Tongyeong) as well as the populations of a farm were analyzed, based on 30 microsatellite markers. A total of 277 distinct alleles were observed across the four goat populations, and 102 (36.8%) of these alleles were unique to only one population. The mean observed heterozygosity and polymorphism information content were calculated as 0.461~0.651 and 0.462~0.679, respectively. In the NJ tree constructed based on Nei's $D_A$ genetic distance, the four populations represented four distinct groups. However, the genetic distances between each Korean native goat population and the farm population were two times those among the three native Korean breeds. The genetic structure within the three Korean native goat populations was also investigated. Cluster analysis, using the STRUCTURE software, suggested three clusters. The molecular information of genetic diversity and relationships in this study will be useful for the evaluation, conservation, and utilization of native Korean goat breeds as genetic resources.

Keywords

Korean native goat;microsatellite;genetic diversity;relationships;population structure

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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