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Predictors of Compliance in Hypertensive Patients

고혈압 환자의 치료지시 이행에 영향을 미치는 예측요인

  • Received : 2012.04.26
  • Accepted : 2012.11.27
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify knowledge, health belief and compliance in patients with hypertension and to identify the most important predictors for compliance of hypertensive patient. Method: The participants in this study were 117 patients who were receiving treatment for hypertension at E. university hospital or one of three local clinics in D-city. Data were collected using a knowledge measurement instrument, health belief scale, and an instrument on compliance. Collected data were analyzed using $X^2$ test, ANOVA, multiple linear regression with PASW statistics 18.0 program. Results: There were statistically significantly positive correlations between knowledge of hypertension and health belief, health belief and compliance. But there was no correlation between knowledge of hypertension and compliance. In the multiple regression analysis, perceived barriers, perceived severity, perceived benefits were significant predictors to explain compliance and accounted for 54.1% of the variance in compliance. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that health belief and compliance are significantly strongly correlated. Thus it is suggested that nursing interventions to improve compliance should include nursing care plans to increase health belief, perceived severity, perceived benefit and to decrease perceived barrier.

Keywords

Hypertension;Compliance;Health;Beliefs

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