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Tree Growth and Ecosystem Conditions of Docheon Forest (Natural Monument No. 514) in Docheon-ri, Yeongdeok - Focusing on Plant Ecosystems -

천연기념물 제514호 영덕 도천리 도천숲의 생태계 현황 및 수목 생육 특성 - 식물생태계 현황을 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Dong Wook (Natural Research Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Hur, Bog Su (Natural Research Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Lee, Seung Joo (Natural Research Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage) ;
  • Kim, Hyo Jeong (Natural Research Division, National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • 김동욱 (국립문화재연구소 자연문화재연구실) ;
  • 허복수 (국립문화재연구소 자연문화재연구실) ;
  • 이승주 (국립문화재연구소 자연문화재연구실) ;
  • 김효정 (국립문화재연구소 자연문화재연구실)
  • Received : 2011.01.24
  • Accepted : 2011.02.23
  • Published : 2011.03.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to present the characteristics of tree growth and the status of the ecosystem in Yeongdeok Docheon-ri Docheon forest, which was designated as Natural Monument No. 514. Results showed that most of the soil properties were generally within desirable levels except for some properties. The forest was composed of 503 trees. Major trees included Zelkova serrata, Celtis sinensis, Cornus walteri, Diospyros lotus, Hemiptelea davidii, and Evodia daniellii. In particular, trees such as Zelkova serrata, Celtis sinensis, and Cornus walteri showed D.B.H ranging from 10cm to 70cm. These trees appeared to be major tree species since the beginning of Docheon forest's existence. The wild birds observed from the site were from 18 families, 20 species, and 95 individuals. Also were found 1 mammal species, 1 reptile species, and 1 amphibian species. A dead Aix galericulata (designated Natural Monument No. 327) was found in the forest. The annual tree diameter growth of the sample trees was 2.3mm per year on average. The average age of the overstory trees was approximately 101 years, and the oldest tree was estimated to be 300~400 years old.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 2010년 천연기념물(수림지) 실태조사 연구

Supported by : 국립문화재연구소