A Study on the Relationship Between Child Poverty Rate and Family Policy Expenditure of Welfare States -Focused on OECD Countries-

복지국가의 아동·가족복지지출과 아동빈곤율의 관계 -OECD 국가를 중심으로-

  • Ryu, Yun Kyu (Dept. of Social Welfare, Seoul Theological University) ;
  • Baek, Seung Ho (Dept. of Social Welfare, Catholic University of Korea)
  • 류연규 (서울신학대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 백승호 (가톨릭대학교 사회복지학전공)
  • Received : 2011.07.14
  • Accepted : 2011.10.18
  • Published : 2011.11.30

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between child poverty rate and family policy expenditure of welfare states (focusing on OECD countries). We analyzed not only the total social & family policy expenditures but the components of the family policy expenditure. OECD SOCX and calculated data from the LIS & OECD data were utilized for child and family policy expenditures and the poverty rate. One-way correlation and cluster analysis were employed for the analysis. The analytic results are as follows: Southern European and Anglo-Saxon countries' child poverty rates were higher and Scandinavian countries' child poverty rates were lower than any other clusters. The countries with high child poverty rate had higher child poverty rate than the entire nation's poverty rate, but Scandinavian countries' child poverty rate was lower. There was a strong correlation between family policy expenditure and child poverty rate. Especially the service expenditure and leave benefit expenditure were highly correlated with child poverty rate. On the other hand, cash expenditure was not significantly correlated with child poverty rate. We can suggest the policy implications from these results. Based on the analytic results, policy implications that the government should increase the family policy budget, especially the budget for family services and leave benefit to decrease child poverty rate and should make effort to support the employment of parents through policies such as active labor market strategies can be suggested.