Effects of Season and Split-sex Feeding on Performance, Stress and Carcass Quality of Finishing Pigs

계절과 성분리 사육이 비육돈의 생산성, 스트레스 및 도체품질에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Doo-Hwan (Department of Animal Resources Technology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Song, Jun-Ik (National Institute of Animal Science, R.D.A.) ;
  • Jeon, Jung-Hwan (National Institute of Animal Science, R.D.A.)
  • 김두환 (경남과학기술대학교 동물소재공학과) ;
  • 송준익 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 전중환 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원)
  • Received : 2011.08.01
  • Accepted : 2011.08.26
  • Published : 2011.08.30

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effect of season and split-sex feeding on performance, stress and carcass quality of finishing pigs. Two hundred and seventy cross-bred finishing pigs $(82.1{\pm}0.82kg)$ were randomly divided into six groups in 2 seasons (summer and winter) ${\times}$ 3 split-sex feeding (female only, castrated male and mixed) factorial arrangement of treatments. In winter, feed intake and weight gain of finishing pigs were better than summer (p<0.05). Split-sex feeding was affected the feed conversion, feed conversion of finishing pigs were superior in winter and mixed groups. Plasma concentrations of cortisol as a stress indicators was greater in the mixed groups vs female only and castrated male groups. There were no interactions between the season and split-sex feeding in their effects on these blood variables. The season was affected the carcass characteristics and PSE incidence of the finishing pigs, PSE incidence was low in winter and mixed groups. Meat quality did not show any significant difference due to the difference of season and split-sex feeding of finishing pigs. There was no significant difference in the pH, drip loss and meat color of pork loin between the season and split-sex feeding of finishing pigs. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that we need more precise on-farm management practice in summer and application of split-sex feeding skills to reduce the stress and improve welfare status of finishing pigs.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 경남과학기술대학교

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