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Eco-friendly Production of Maize Using Struvite Recovered from Swine Wastewater as a Sustainable Fertilizer Source

  • Liu, YingHao (Laboratory of Livestock Environment, College of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Rahman, M.M. (Department of Animal Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Kwag, Jung-Hoon (National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hwan (National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Ra, Chang-Six (Laboratory of Livestock Environment, College of Animal Life Science, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2011.04.18
  • Accepted : 2011.07.01
  • Published : 2011.12.01

Abstract

Magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) was recovered from swine wastewater and the feasibility of reutilizing it as a slowly-releasing fertilizer was evaluated. Maize growth was investigated with normal and high application rates of MAP and a fused super phosphate (FSP) fertilizer. A total of 5 treatments ($T_0$ = control, $T_1$ = MAP based on 30 kg P $ha^{-1}$, $T_2$ = FSP based on 30 kg P $ha^{-1}$+urea equivalent to nitrogen of MAP applied in $T_1$, $T_3$ = MAP based on 40 kg P $ha^{-1}$, $T_4$ = FSP based on 40 kg P $ha^{-1}$+urea equivalent to nitrogen of MAP applied in $T_3$) were arranged with 3 replications. In the case of height and circumference, significant differences were found between controls and treated maize plants (p<0.01). However, no statistical differences were found between MAP- and FSP-urea treated maize. Leaf area and green biomass yield were significantly (p<0.01) higher in the treated group than control. Leaf area was also found significantly higher (p<0.01) in the higher MAP- treated group (2,374 $cm^2$ $plant^{-1}$) than other treatments. $N_2O$ emission was found to be lower in MAP treated soil than that from FSP-urea treated soil, which might be due to the slow releasing pattern of MAP. It could be assumed from the results that MAP would be an eco-friendly sustainable fertilizer source for crop production.

Keywords

Swine Wastewater;MAP;Struvite;Slowly-releasing Fertilizer

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