Effect of MEM Vitamins Supplementation of In vitro Maturation Medium and In vitro Culture Medium on the Development of Porcine Embryos

  • Kim, J.Y. (Dr. Lee Eun Ji Mari Fertility Clinic) ;
  • Lee, E.J. (Dr. Lee Eun Ji Mari Fertility Clinic) ;
  • Park, J.M. (Dr. Lee Eun Ji Mari Fertility Clinic) ;
  • Park, H.D. (Department of Biotechnology, Daegu University)
  • Received : 2011.06.24
  • Accepted : 2011.08.29
  • Published : 2011.11.01


This study was carried out to examine the influence of minimum essential medium (MEM) vitamins supplementation to in vitro maturation medium and in vitro culture medium on the development of porcine embryos. Porcine embryo development was investigated following cultivation in both in vitro maturation and culture medium with the supplementation of MEM vitamins (0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4%) using immature oocytes collected from the ovary of prepubertal gilts. Embryo development was observed and the total cell number in each blastocyst generated under the culture conditions was quantified following supplementation of the medium. The embryonic development rate of the blastocyst and hatched blastocyst was higher, but not significantly so, when 0.4% MEM vitamins were supplemented to the in vitro maturation medium of the porcine oocyte. Interestingly, the total number of cells in the blastocyst was significantly higher in the in vitro maturation MEM vitamins supplemented group compared to either the untreated group or the group which had MEM vitamins supplemented to both in vitro maturation and in vitro culture medium simultaneously (p<0.05). Therefore, the supplementation of 0.4% MEM vitamins to the in vitro mature medium has a beneficial effect on the embryonic development of in vitro produced blastocysts derived from the immature porcine oocytes.


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