The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Academic Stress Coping Training on Elementary School Children's Academic Stress and Coping Strategy

인지행동적 학업스트레스 대처훈련이 초등학생의 학업스트레스와 학업스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 효과

  • Received : 2010.12.06
  • Accepted : 2011.01.15
  • Published : 2011.01.20

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop a cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training for reduction of elementary school children's academic stress and improvement the ability to handle academically stressful situation with effective way, to examine its effects. For this, we assigned students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam Province to two groups at random. From a group of 12 each, one group became the experimental group and the other the control group. And the program was applied twice a week to the experimental group who had totally six 40 minutes sessions of the research own making. Moreover, students evaluated the effects of the program via questionnaire regarding to academic stress and strategy for it. From 120 students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam province for 3weeks, the study gathered data through the questionnaire for academic stressful situation to know this which students of elementary school often experience. From this, the results are reflected in the program. Also cognitive behavioral group counselling program for teenagers in crisis and existing programs used to adjust academic stress was redeveloped as available form for students in elementary school to compose the cognitive-behavioral Academic stress coping training. In short, the results of the study is as follows. In the study, first, It was showed that cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training decreased stress which can be caused in situation causing academic stress with a school record, lesson, study and task. Second, The cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training showed the effect to improve coping strategy for academic stress. In detail, a passive-aversive coping strategy and a helpful coping strategy of coping strategy was enhanced meaningfully but the effect getting to an active coping strategy was limited.