Effects of an Oral Stimulation Program on the Transition from Tube to Bottle Feeding in Premature Infants

미숙아에게 적용한 구강 자극 프로그램이 젖병 수유로의 이행에 미치는 효과

  • Kim, Hee-Young (Neonatal Nurse Specialist, Asan Medical Center) ;
  • Bang, Kyung-Sook (College of Nursing.The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University)
  • 김희영 (서울대학교 대학원 간호학과, 서울 아산 병원) ;
  • 방경숙 (서울대학교 간호대학.간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2010.12.09
  • Accepted : 2011.03.22
  • Published : 2011.05.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of an oral stimulation program on premature infant's transition from tube feeding to bottle feeding, decrease in desaturation during feeding, and early discharge. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was performed in one neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of an university hospital. The control group data (n=69) were obtained from June 2008 to May 2009, and the experimental group data (n=67), from June 2009 to May 2010. The oral stimulation program (OSP) was provided daily before feeding for the experimental group until transition to bottle feeding was completed. Results: The OSP group began bottle feeding earlier and were on complete bottle feeding earlier than control group. Discharge delay due to feeding desaturation was lower than for the control group. Conclusion: The results indicate that OSP for premature infants was helpful in transition from tube feeding to bottle feeding and early discharge and thus can contribute health and development in premature infants.

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