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A Meta-analysis of the Gender Differences and Variables Related to Overt and Relational Aggression in Children and Adolescents

아동과 청소년의 외현적, 관계적 공격성의 성별 차이 및 관련변인에 대한 메타분석

  • Seo, Mi-Jung (Research Institute of Ecology for the Elderly, Pusan National University)
  • 서미정 (부산대학교 생활환경대학 노인생활환경연구소)
  • Received : 2011.02.28
  • Accepted : 2011.05.24
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

This study presents a meta-anlalytic review of 119 studies, published between 1990 and 2009, of gender differences and variables associated with overt and relational aggression during childhood and adolescence. Gender differences in overt aggression were found to be significantly higher in boys than girls, but significant gender differences in relational aggression were not found. Gender differences of only overt aggression are moderated by age and the reporter type. In general, both overt and relational aggression are more strongly related to maladjustment than adjustment. In addition to this, overt and relational aggression has both common and differential associations with relative levels of maladjustment and adjustment. The moderation of these effect sizes of both overt and relational aggression by age and the reporter type was found.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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