- Volume 24 Issue 9
DOI QR Code
Effects of Dietary Lysine and Energy Levels on Growth Performance and Apparent Total Tract Digestibility of Nutrients in Weanling Pigs
- Kim, Y.W. (Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Ingale, S.L. (Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Kim, J.S. (Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Kim, K.H. (Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
- Chae, B.J. (Department of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Life Sciences, Kangwon National University)
- Received : 2011.05.10
- Accepted : 2011.06.10
- Published : 2011.09.01
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of dietary lysine and energy level on performance and apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of nutrients in weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, a total of 288 weaned pigs (initial BW
Energy;Lysine;Apparent Total Tract Digestibility;Performance;Weanling Pigs
- AOAC International, 1995. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. 16th ed. AOAC International, Gaithersburg, MD.
- Campbell, R. G. and A. C. Dunkin. 1983. The influence of dietary protein and energy intake on performance, body composition and energy utilization of pig growing from 7-19 kg. Anim. Prod. 36:185-192.
- Campbell, R. G. and M. R. Taverner. 1988. Genotype and sex effects on the relationship between energy intake and protein deposition in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 66:676-686.
- Castell, A. G., R. L. Cliplef, L. M. Poste-Flynn and G. Butler. 1994. Performance, carcass and pork characteristics of castrates and gilts self-fed diets differing in protein content and lysine: energy ratio. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 74:519-528. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas94-073
- Chiba, L. I., A. J. Lewis and E. R. Peo, Jr. 1991. Amino acid and energy interrelationships in pigs weighing 20 to 50 kilograms: I. Rate and efficiency of weight gain. J. Anim. Sci. 69:694-707.
- Cho, S. B., H. J. Lee, I. B. Chung, H. F. Long, J. S. Lim, Y. Y. Kim and I. K. Han. 2008. Effects of dietary energy concentration and lysine on the digestible energy ration for apparent amino acid digestibility in finishing barrows. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21(2):232-236. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2008.60322
- Deng, J. P., F. Yang, Y. L. Yin, Z. Q. Liu, F. Y. Yan, Y. Z. Zhang and Z. R. Tang. 2010. Effects of digestible lysine levels on growth performance, serum metabolites and carcass composition in barrow. J. Food Agr. Environ. 8:514-518.
- Fenton, T. W. and M. Fenton. 1979. An improved method for chromic oxide determination in feed and feces. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 59:63-634. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas79-007
- Gatel, F., G. Buron and J. Fekete. 1992. Total amino acid requirements of weaned piglets 8 to 25 kg live weight given diets based on wheat and soya-bean meal fortified with free amino acids. Anim. Prod. 54:281-287. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100036916
- Holmes, J. H. G., H. S. Bayley, P. A. Leadbeater and F. D. Hormey. 1974. Digestion of protein in the small intestine and large intestine of the pig. Br. J. Nutr. 32:479-489. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19740102
- Jin, Y. H., H. K. Oh, L. G. Piao, S. K. Jang, Y. H. Choi, P. S. Heo, Y. D. Jang and Y. Y. Kim. 2010. Effect of dietary lysine restriction and energy density on performance, nutrient digestibility and meat quality in finishing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23:1213-1220. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2010.90585
- Jorgensen, H., W. C. Sauer and P. A. Thacker. 1984. Amino acid availabilities in soybean meal, sunflower meal, fish meal and meat and bone meal fed to growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 58:926-934.
- Knabe, D. A., D. C. LaRue, E. J. Gregg, G. M. Martinez and T. D. Tanksley, Jr. 1989. Apparent digestibility of nitrogen and amino acids in protein feedstuffs by growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 67:441-458.
- Lawrence, B. V., O. Adeola and T. R. Cline. 1994. Nitrogen utilization and lean growth performance of 20- to 50- kilogram pigs fed diets balanced for lysine: energy ratio. J. Anim. Sci. 72:2887-2895.
- Lenehan, N. A., S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, J. L. Nelssen and J. L. Usry. 2003. Effects of Lys level fed from 10 to 20 kg on growth performance of barrows and gilts. J. Anim. Sci. 81(Suppl. 2):183(Abstr.).
- Main, R. G., S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband and J. L. Nelssen. 2008. Determining an optimum lysine: calorie ratio for barrows and gilts in a commercial finishing facility. J. Anim. Sci. 86:2190-2207. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2007-0408
- Martinez, G. M. and D. A. Knabe. 1990. Digestible lysine requirement of starter and grower pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 68:2748-2755.
- Moore, S. 1963. On the determination of cystine as cysteic acid. J. Biol. Chem. 238:235-237.
- Nam, D. S. and F. X. Aherne. 1994. The effect of lysine:energy ratio on the performance of weanling pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 72:1247-1256.
- Noblet, J., Y. Henry and S. Dubois. 1987. Effect of protein and lysine levels in the diet on body gain composition and energy utilization in growing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 65:717-726.
- NRC. 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine. (10th Ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
- Oresanya, T. F., A. D. Beaulieu, E. Beltranena and J. F. Patience. 2007. The effect of dietary energy concentration and total lysine/digestible energy ratio on the growth performance of weaned pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:45-55. https://doi.org/10.4141/A05-064
- Owen, K. Q., D. A. Knabe, K. G. Burgoon and E. J. Gregg. 1994. Self-selection of diets and lysine requirements of growingfinishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 72:554-564.
- Rao, D. S. and K. J. McCracken. 1991. Effect of energy intake on protein and energy metabolism of boars of high genetic potential for lean growth. Anim. Prod. 52:499-507. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100013076
- SAS Institute, 1996. SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 6.12. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
- Schneider, J. D., M. D. Tokach, S. S. Dritz, J. L. Nelssen, J. M. DeRouchey and R. D. Goodband. 2010. Determining the effect of lysine:calorie ratio on growth performance of ten to twenty kilogram of body weight nursery pigs of two different genotypes. J. Anim. Sci. 88:137-146. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1204
- Smith, J. W. II, M. D. Tokach, J. L. Nelssen and R. D. Goodband. 1999. Effects of lysine:calorie ratio on growth performance of 10- to 25-kilogram pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 77:3000-3006.
- Urynek, W. and L. Buraczewska. 2003. Effect of dietary energy concentration and apparent ileal digestible lysine: metabolizable energy ratio on nitrogen balance and growth performance of young pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 81:1227-1236.
- Van Lunen, T. A. and D. J. A. Cole. 2001. Effect of dietary energy concentration and lysine/digestible energy ratio on growth performance and nitrogen deposition of young hybrid pigs. Anim. Sci. 67:117-129.
- Zhang, J., J. Yin, X. Zhou, F. Li, J. Ni and B. Dong. 2008. Effect of lower dietary lysine and energy content on carcass characteristics and meat quality in growing finishing pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 21:1785-1793. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2008.80191
- Zhang, Y., I. G. Partridge, H. D. Keal and K. G. Mitchell. 1984. Dietary amino acid balance and requirements for pigs weaned at three weeks of age. Anim. Prod. 39:441-448. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100032189