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Nutrition Education for Female Immigrants in Multicultural Families Using a Multicultural Approach: In-depth Interviews with Female Immigrants and Nutrition Education Professionals

다문화 시각에서 접근한 다문화 가정의 결혼이주여성을 위한 영양교육 방안 - 결혼이주여성 및 영양교육 전문가를 대상으로 한 심층인터뷰 -

  • Kim, Ji-Eun (The Graduate School of Clinical Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Kim, Ji-Myung (Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, Hanbuk University) ;
  • Seo, Sun-Hee (Department of Nutritional Sciences & Food Management, Ewha Womans University)
  • 김지은 (이화여자대학교 임상보건과학대학원 임상영양학) ;
  • 김지명 (한북대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 서선희 (이화여자대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2011.07.08
  • Accepted : 2011.08.22
  • Published : 2011.08.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate dietary behaviors and nutritional knowledge among immigrant women in multicultural families. In addition, this study reveals a necessity for nutrition education, which is apparent to both immigrant women living in multicultural families as well as nutrition education experts. The survey was conducted with 30 immigrant women within multicultural families in Seoul. The dietary behaviors of the women were significantly different by their period of residence. The longer they had resided in Korea, the higher their dietary behavior score. However, there was no significant difference in nutrition knowledge by their period of residence. This study also conducted in-depth personal interviews with 8 immigrant women who lived in Seoul, and with 4 nutrition education experts. These interviews were performed to provide profound insights regarding the content and means of nutrition education for immigrant women. Nutrition education for immigrant women living in multicultural families should proceed at a basic level in terms of language and content, using bilingual (Korean and their native language) education materials. Education topics and content need to be developed differently according to the level of Korean comprehension and period of residence in Korea. Also, this multicultural approach should be adapted when planning nutrition education since immigrant women have various acculturation levels, and the content and means of education should be adjusted to these acculturation levels. Management after nutrition education is necessary for immigrant women who do not have sufficient understanding of the Korean language. Practical educational methods such as real cooking practices and food purchasing simulations must be developed. Finally, the results suggest that the government needs to establish a systematic plan for nutrition education among immigrant women living in multicultural families. Policy support such as training nutrition educators on multicultural individuals residing in Korea is necessary for active and effective nutritional education.

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