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Difference in Weight Control Status and Eating Behavior between Dissatisfied and Satisfied Female High School Students Regarding Their Own Body Shape

체형 불만족군과 만족군 여고생의 체중조절 실태와 식행동의 차이

  • Suh, Yoon-Suk (Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kang, Hye-Jin (Nutrition Education, Graduate School of Education, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Chung, Young-Jin (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Chungnam National University)
  • 서윤석 (충남대학교 교육대학원 영양교육) ;
  • 강혜진 (충남대학교 교육대학원 영양교육) ;
  • 정영진 (충남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2011.05.31
  • Accepted : 2011.08.01
  • Published : 2011.08.31

Abstract

This study aimed to find the differences in weight control status and eating behavior of satisfied and dissatisfied female high school students regarding their own body shape. The participants consisted of 238 students at two female high schools in Nonsan-si, Chungnam-do in May of 2008. Self-assessment evaluated present body shape and ideal body shape they would like to have by providing silhouette drawings. The subjects were divided into two groups, 'satisfied' and 'dissatisfied', according to the differences between present body shape and ideal body shape. In the distribution of subjects according to body mass index, 100% of overweight, 97.0% of normal weight and 48.7% of underweight belonged to the dissatisfied group. There were significant differences in weight control and eating behavior between dissatisfied and satisfied groups in terms of frequency and reasons of conducting weight control behavior, body weight return after weight reduction, skipping breakfast and consuming fast food. The satisfied group was two times more likely to not conduct weight control behaviors compared to the dissatisfied group. The main reason for trying to control weight differed according to the group; the reason was feeling fat in the dissatisfied group and desiring to be healthy in the satisfied group. The percentage of subjects that returned to their original weights after weight reduction was 5 times higher in the dissatisfied group. The percentages of subjects that regularly skip breakfast and consume fast food were both higher in the dissatisfied group than in the satisfied group. The dissatisfied group responded 'eating alone' more frequently among nine binge eating behaviors compared to the satisfied group. Both groups, however, did not show any difference in overeating of meals, eating speed, intake frequency of regular meals, food preference, preferred cooking method, carbonated beverage intake and snack eating behavior. In summary, the dissatisfied group tried more unnecessary body weight reduction and had poor eating behavior. Accordingly, to correct the biased perception of body shape by the majority of female high school students, the values of our society should change toward the pursuit of beauty of health.

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