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Consumer Awareness about Genetically Modified Food According to Gender and Age

유전자재조합식품에 대한 성별, 연령별 소비자의 인지도 조사

  • Kim, Hae-Young (Department of Food & Nutrition, Yongin University) ;
  • Lee, Mi-Ra (CESCO Co., Ltd. R&D Center/FS Team) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Kyung (Novel Food Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • An, Jeong-Ha (Novel Food Division, Korea Food & Drug Administration) ;
  • Kim, Mi-Gyeong (National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation Chungbuk) ;
  • Hong, Soon-Keun (National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation Chungbuk) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Jeong (Department of Traditional Culinary, Baewha Women's University)
  • Received : 2011.06.10
  • Accepted : 2011.07.05
  • Published : 2011.08.31

Abstract

A survey of consumer awareness and attitudes was conducted about genetically modified (GM) foods and the labeling regulations. The questionnaires were distributed to 4,620 consumers who lived in a variety of areas in Korea, and 4,076 people responded. The consumers were asked about knowledge, labeling information, and the source of obtaining information about GM foods. More than 11.5% of the consumers had never heard about GM foods and 86.9% of consumers had less than a normal level of knowledge about GM foods. No statistically significant relationship was found between genders, but the teachers group had moderate knowledge (p<0.001). In total, 28.4% of consumers did not know the GMO labeling regulations. They answered that the reason to buy GM food was do not know>nothing wrong>create benefit>think as safe>inexpensive. The answers to the question of what was the first benefit were: solve food shortage>functional and nutritious food>cultivate in bad condition>nothing>various cultivars. They answered that the worst factor was the next generation effect>environmental disruption. Regarding the development of GM food in Korea, males answered do not know>stronglyrecommend>defer>strongly suppress. Female answered: don't know>defer>strongly recommend>strongly suppress. More than half of the respondents did not have much information about GM foods; 88.3% of respondents answered they did not have educational experience about GM food.

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