Acute Toxicity Test for Wastewater from Several Drainage Canals and Discharges Using Daphnia Magna

생태독성도를 이용한 공단배수 및 공장배출수의 독성도 조사

  • Park, Dong-Gyu (Water Quality Research Section, GyeongSangBukdo Government Public Institue of Health & Environment) ;
  • Bae, Hun-Kyun (Department of Global Environment, Keimyung University)
  • 박동규 (경상북도 보건환경연구원 수질조사과) ;
  • 배헌균 (계명대학교 환경대학 지구환경학과)
  • Received : 2010.06.23
  • Accepted : 2011.04.22
  • Published : 2011.07.31


Daphnia Magna Stratus has been widely accepted as useful species for estimating the toxicity of chemicals to aquatic invertebrate and recommended as species for the testing chemicals from the international guideline as well as Korean guideline. The study was performed for the acute toxicity test by using water flea(D. Magna) for effluents from several wastewater treatment plants and drainage canals in GyeongBuk area. Five heavy metals, 1,4-Dioxane and Perchlorate were tested. Most Toxicity Units(TU) of Industrial wastewater effluents were less than 1 which means effluent was not toxic to D. Magna. However, effluents containing 1,4-Dioxane and Perchlorate were significantly toxic to D. Magna. Therefore, facilities should reduce the 1,4-dioxane since new regulations will force them after the year of 2011.


Daphnia Magna;Toxicity Units(TU);Toxicity test;1,4-Dioxane;Perchlorate


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