DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

사산조 초기 아르다시르 1세 부조에 묘사된 복식 연구

A Study on the Costume Style on the Rock Reliefs of Ardashir I in Early Sassanian Persia

  • 장영수 (독일 고고학 연구소 비유럽 문화 분과)
  • YiChang, Young-Soo (The German Archaeological Institute (Department of non-European Culture))
  • 투고 : 2011.08.11
  • 심사 : 2011.11.23
  • 발행 : 2011.12.31

초록

The purpose of Sassanian dynasty was to succeed the civilization of Achaemenid dynasty but it shows vestiges of Parthian civilization in many ways. This study is an attempt to take a look at Sassanian civilization through analyzing these rock reliefs since these features are shown on the rock relief of Ardashir I in early Sassanian Iran. The way carried out this study was first, to collect and search documentary data to establish the theoretical background, and collect positive data by exploring this region and then we comparatively analyzed the two data in general and the result is the following: The form of costume is different according to the person's status. In the early period of Ardashir I the costume style of the royals is reflected by clothes such as tunic, trousers in parthian style. However, trousers do not have vertical pleats which are commonly shown in the case of parthian trousers. It assumed that after the early period of Ardashir I, Sassanians formed their own styles. The form of cap is also different according to the person's status. Ardashir I and the Ahura mazda god put on crown and Korymbos which symbolized the sovereign power. Except the king and the god, the prince and the king's vassal put on high caps called Kolah. Diadem which symbolized sovereign power of king was used by the king, the god and the crown prince. There are two kinds of diadem. The first form has vertical pleats and the other does not have pleats. This form became different depending on the social position. The form of hairstyle is generally thick curly hair which goes down until the shoulder. There is no difference in their hairstyle in terms of the social position. The beard style is generally in the form of scoop. There is also no difference in terms of the person's status.

참고문헌

  1. 국제한국학회. (1999). 실크로드와 한국문화(-아시아 나라들과의 교류를 통해서 본 한국 문화의 형성). 서울: 소나무.
  2. 권영필. (1997). 실크로드 미술. 서울: 열화당.
  3. 권영필. (2000). 실크로드와 신라재조명. 실크로드와 한국문화, 동방의 빛을 따라서. 경주세계문화엑스포2000.
  4. 민병훈. (2000). 실크로드와 고대한국문화. 실크로드3000년(전시도록). 온양박물관.
  5. 장영수. (2003). 페르시아 아케메네스 왕조 아파다나 계단 알현도에 묘사된 복식연구. 한국의상디자인학회지, 5(1), 1-12.
  6. 장영수. (2005). 페르시아 아케메네스 왕조 시대 머리쓰개에 관한 연구, 한국의상디자인학회지, 7(1), 41-54.
  7. 장영수. (2006a). 페르시아 파르티아 왕조 남자복식 연구. 복식, 56(4), 65-81.
  8. 장영수. (2006b). 페르시아 파르티아 왕조 샤미(Shami) 왕자 상의 복식 연구. 한국중동학회지, 27(1), 365-390.
  9. 장영수. (2008a). 페르시아 아케메네스 왕조 비수툰 부조에 묘사된 복식연구. 한국의상디자인학회지, 10(1), 79-97.
  10. 장영수. (2008b). 페르시아 아케메네스 왕조 페르세폴리스 아파다나 궁전 계단 조공도에 묘사된 복식연구. 복식, 58(6), 124-144.
  11. 장영수. (2010). 페르시아 사산조 왕관의 연구. 복식, 60(6), 117-138.
  12. 정수일. (2002). 문명교류사 연구. 서울: 사계절.
  13. 정수일. (2006). 실크로드문명 기획. 서울: 한겨레 출판사.
  14. 중앙아시아학회. (2006). 실크로드의 삶과 종교. 서울: 사계절.
  15. Calmeyer, Peter. (2009). Die Reliefs der Graeber V und VI in Persepolis. Berlin: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
  16. Erdman, Kurt. (1969). Die Kunst Irans zur Zeit der Sasaniden. Mainz:n Bei Florian Kupferberg.
  17. Ghirshman, Roman. (1962). Iran, Parthian and Sasanians. Thames and Hudson.
  18. Goldman, Bernard. (1993). The Later Pre-Islamic Riding Costume. Iranica Antiqva, XXVIII, 201-246.
  19. Guitty, Asarpay. (1972). Crown and some royal insignia in early Iran. Iranica Antiqva, IX, 108-115.
  20. Henkelman, Wouter. (1989). The Royal Achaemenid Crown. Archseologische Mitteilungen aus Iran, 28, 275-293.
  21. Herman, Gerogia. (1969). The Darabgird Relief-Ardashir or Shapur?: A discussion in the context of early Sasanian sculpture. Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies, VII, 63-88.
  22. Herzfeld, E. (1938), Khusraus II Krone: Al-Tadj Al-Kabir. AMI, IX, 101-177.
  23. Herzfeld, E. (1988). Iran in Ancient East. New York: Hacker Art Books.
  24. Hinz, Walter. (1969). Altiranische Funde und Forschungen. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.
  25. Kawami, Trudy. (1987). Monumentalnart of the Parthian Period in Iran, Acta Iranica, 26(13), Leiden: E. J. Brill.
  26. Lewit-Tawil, Dalia. (1993). Re-dating the Sassanian Reliefs at Tang-e Qandil and Barm-e Dilak. Iranica Antiqva, XXVIII, 141-168.
  27. Luschey, Heinz. (1968). Iran und der Westen von Kyros bis Khosrow. AMI, N.F. 1, Berlin: Verlag von Dietrich Reimer.
  28. Nagel, Wolfram. (1982). Ninus und Semiramis in Sage und Geschichte, Iranische Staaten und Reiternomaden vor Darius. Berlin: Verlag Volker Spiess.
  29. Peck, Elise H. (1993). Crown II. From the seleucids to the islamic conquest. In Ehsan Yarshater (Eds.), Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VI, (pp. 408-418). Califonia: Mazda Publishers.
  30. Porada, Edith. (1962). Alt Iran. Baden Baden: Holle Verlag.
  31. Root, Magaret Cool. (1979). The King and Kingship in Achaemenid Art, Acta Iranica 19, E. Leiden: J. Brill.
  32. von Gall, Hubertus. (1990). Das Reiterkampfbild. Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag.
  33. Wiesehoefer, Josef. (2002). Das Fruehe Persien. Muenchen: Verlag C.H. Beck.
  34. Luschey, Heinz, (1986), Ardashir I, the founder of the Sasanian empire. Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 12, 10, 2009, from http://www.iranica.com./newsite/articles/v2f4/v2f4a014.html,