Full-scale Fire Suppression Test for Application of Water Mist System in Road Tunnel

미분무수 소화시스템의 도로터널 적용을 위한 실물 화재 실험

  • Received : 2011.03.07
  • Accepted : 2011.06.10
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

The full-scale experiments are carried out to investigate the fire suppression characteristics of water-based fire fighting systems in a road tunnel. Applied systems are the low-pressure water spray system at 3.5 bar and the high-pressure water mist system at 60 bar. The water flow rate of the high-pressure system is one sixth only of the water spray system. A passenger car and a heptane fuel pan with area of $1.4m^2$ are used as fire sources. A blower system is installed at the tunnel exit to realize the longitudinal ventilation conditions (0.9~3.8 m/s) in the tunnel. Temperatures from the fire source to the down-stream direction are measured by K-type thermocouple trees. The experimental results show that the cooling effect of the high pressure water mist system in the test conditions were equivalent to that of the low pressure water spray system for B-class fire.

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