굴업도의 나비군집과 멸종위기종 왕은점표범나비의 우점현상

The Butterfly Community in Is. Guleopdo, Korea and the Dominance of the Endangered Species Argynnis nerippe

  • 김성수 (동아시아환경생물연구소) ;
  • 이철민 (국립산림과학원 산림생태연구과) ;
  • 권태성 (국립산림과학원 산림생태연구과)
  • Kim, Sung-Soo (Research Institute for East Asian Environment and Biology) ;
  • Lee, Cheol-Min (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kwon, Tae-Sung (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute)
  • 투고 : 2011.03.24
  • 심사 : 2011.05.10
  • 발행 : 2011.06.30


굴업도는 면적 $1.71\;km^2$의 작은 섬이지만 멸종위기종인 왕은점표범나비가 많이 서식하고 있다. 이 연구는 굴업도에서 왕은점표범나비의 서식실태 파악을 위해 2010년에 방형구법, 표시-포획법과 선조사법으로 조사하였다. 조사가 충분하지 않았지만, 왕은점표범나비의 유충은 4,467마리 또는 6,700마리, 성충은 약 1,000마리가 서식하는 것으로 추정되었다. 왕은점표범나비는 최우점종으로 전체 나비 개체수의 32%를 차지하였다. 또한 총 28종의 나비가 발견되었고, 이 중 3종은 미접이었다. 1938년부터 2010년까지 전국의 왕은점표범나비 분포지를 시대별로 비교한 결과 2000년대 이후 급감하였으며, 현재 중북부 지역과 서해 도서지역에 제한적으로 서식하는 것으로 나타났다. 굴업도에서 왕은점표범나비가 많이 서식하는 것은 자연상태의 초지가 많으며, 가축의 방목이 적당한 서식처를 제공하기 때문이다.


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  3. Change of Butterfly Communities After Clear Cutting in Gwangneung Forest vol.53, pp.4, 2014,
  4. Changes of butterfly communities after forest fire vol.16, pp.4, 2013,