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Metapopulation Structure and Movement of a Threatened Butterfly Parnassius bremeri (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in Korea

멸종위기종 붉은점모시나비(Parnassius bremeri )의 메타개체군 구조와 이주

  • Kim, Do-Sung (Butterfly Conservation Center of Korea) ;
  • Park, Doo-Sang (Biological Resource Center, KRIBB) ;
  • Kwon, Yong-Jung (School of Applied Biosciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Suh, Sang-Jae (School of Applied Ecological Resources, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, Chang-Hwan (Dept. of Environment Landscape Architecture Design, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Park, Seong-Joon (Envirnmental Research Complex) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Hyuk (School of Applied Ecological Resources, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kim, Jin-Seo (School of Applied Ecological Resources, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Yu, Hye-Mi (School of Applied Ecological Resources, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Hwang, Jong-Seok (School of Applied Ecological Resources, Kyungpook National University)
  • 김도성 (한국나비보전센터) ;
  • 박두상 (한국생명공학연구원) ;
  • 권용정 (경북대학교 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 서상재 (경북대학교 생태자원응용학부) ;
  • 김창환 (전북대학교 환경조경디자인학과) ;
  • 박성준 (국립환경과학원) ;
  • 김동혁 (경북대학교 생태자원응용학부) ;
  • 김진서 (경북대학교 생태자원응용학부) ;
  • 유혜미 (경북대학교 생태자원응용학부) ;
  • 황종석 (경북대학교 생태자원응용학부)
  • Received : 2011.03.29
  • Accepted : 2011.04.01
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

Understanding the metapopulation structure and movement of a species are required for conserving the species. In this paper, migration patterns and connectivity of patches of a threatened butterfly, Parnassius bremeri Bremer, were postulated using the mark-release-recapture (MRR) technique in a habitat located in the mid-southern region of the Korean peninsula. A total of 194 individuals were captured (137 males and 57 females) and, of them, 93 individuals (73 males and 20 females) were recaptured during the MRR experiment. The migration analysis showed 23-150% immigration and 28-53% emigration. There were high correlations between the migrating individuals and the distance between patches, but there was no correlation between migrating individuals and patch size or between migrating individuals and the number of host plants. Consequently, the migration of butterflies occurred frequently between closer patches, while patch size and quantity of the food plant had minor effects on migration behavior. Additionally, males migrated more frequently than females. Analysis of the migration patterns of P. bremeri showed that the central patch played an important role on linking patch groups and more frequent migrations were monitored between nearby patches than between the remote patches. This study suggested that active migrations take place between the neighboring multiple patches and these are accelerated if there is a stepping-stone patch between them.

Keywords

Metapopulation;MRR;Movement;Connectivity;P. bremeri

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