Association between Psychosocial Work Environments and Problem Drinking: Age Differences in Korean Male Workers

사회심리적 작업환경이 문제음주에 미치는 영향: 연령 차이

  • Received : 2011.08.06
  • Accepted : 2011.08.17
  • Published : 2011.08.31


Purpose: This study firstly examined the pattern and prevalence of drinking. Secondly, we investigated the association between various psychosocial work environment and problem drinking among Korean male workers in different age groups. Methods: The study sample was a weighted population of 3,289 (3,289 survey samples) men aged 20 to 64 years who responded to the 2006 Korean Working Condition Survey. Social support from colleague and supervisor, work autonomy, psychological wellbeing at work, and intellectual and emotional work demand were assessed. Results: After considering sociodemographic factors, smoking, occupational characteristics and other psychosocial work environment factors, problem drinking was associated with "intellectual work demand" for the 20~34 year old group. Social support from colleague and supervisor was significantly associated with problem drinking in the 35~49 year old group. For the 50~64 year old group, problem drinking was associated with 'work autonomy'. Conclusion: The present study clarified that certain psychosocial work environmental factors relate to problem drinking, and the association varies among different age groups.



  1. Bush, K., Kivlahan, D. R., McDonell, M. B., Fihn, S. D., & Bradley, K. A. (1998). The AUDIT alcohol consumption questions(AUDIT-C): An effectiveness brief screening test for problem drinking. Ambulatory care quality improvement project(ACQUIP). Alcohol use disorders identification test. Archive of International Medicine, 158, 1789-1795.
  2. Chon, S. H., Kim, J. T., Cho, J. J., & Ryoo, J. G. (2010). Job characteristics and occupational stress on health behavior in Korean workers. Korean Journal of Family Medicine , 31 , 444-452.
  3. Clarke, M., Farid, B., & Romaniuk, H. (1990). Occupational risk factors in alcoholism. British Journal of Addiction, 85, 1611-1614.
  4. Cooper, M. L., Russel, M., & Frone, M. R. (1990). Work stress and alcohol effects: A test of stress-induced drinking. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 31, 260-276.
  5. Crum, R. M., Muntaner, C., Eaton, W. W., & Anthony, J. C. (1995). Occupational stress and the risk of alcohol abuse and dependence. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 19 , 647-655.
  6. Gordon, A. J., Maisto, S. A., Mcneil, M., Kraemer, K. L., Conigliaro, R. L., Kelly, M. E., et al. (2001). Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers. Journal of Family Practice, 50 (4), 313-320.
  7. Hagihara, A., Tarumi, K., & Nobutomo, K. (2003). Positive and negative effects of social support on the relationship between work stress and alcohol consumption. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, 874-8 7 3 .
  8. Head, J., Stansfeld, S. A., & Siegrist, J. (2004). The psychosocial work environment and alcohol dependence: A prospective study. Occupational and Environmental medicine, 61 , 219-244.
  9. Hemmingsson, T., & Lundberg, I. (1998). Work control, work demands, and work social support in relation to alcoholism among young men. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 22 , 921-927.
  10. Hingson, R., Mangione, T., & Barrett, J. (1981). Job characteristics and drinking practices in the Boston metropolitan area. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 42 , 725-738.
  11. Hiro, H., Kawakami, N., Tanaka, K., & Nakamura, K. (2007). Association between job stressors and heavy drinking: Age differences in male Japanese workers. Industrial Health, 45, 415-425.
  12. House, J. S., Strecher, V., Metzner, H. L., & Robbins, C. A. (1986). Occupational stress and health among men and women in the Tecumseh health study. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 27 , 62-77.
  13. Jekarl, J., Kim, K. K., & Lee, J. T. (2010). Structural relationship between drinker's characteristics, work environment, and alcohol problems among employee. Health and Social Science, 28, 5-31.
  14. Jeon, G. S., & Lee, H. Y. (2010). Associated factors of binge drinking and problem drinking among Korean men and women. Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, 27 (1), 91-103.
  15. Korea National Statistical Office. (2000a). Korean standard industrial classification. Retrieved June 15, 2011, from =kssc&catid1=kssc01&catid2=kssc01a&catid3=kssc01ac
  16. Korea National Statistical Office. (2000b). Korean standard classification of occupations. Retrieved June 15, 2011, from
  17. Kweon, G. Y. (2005). Factors influencing drinking of employees: Focus on the white collar employees. Korean Journal of Social Welfare, 57 (2), 93-188.
  18. Lee, H. J., & Jekarl, J. (2002). Survey on alcohol use of workers for developing employee assistance program (2002-1). Seoul: Korea Drinking Culture and Alcohol Research.
  19. Lee, S., Chung, W., Kim, I. S., Kim, H. J., Cho, W., Shin, E., et al. (2008). Socioeconomic costs of alcohol drinking in Korea. Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine, 29 (3), 201-212.
  20. Lee, S. Y. (2006). Study on factors having effect on drinking behavior of office workers. Journal of Korean Alcohol Science, 7 (2), 113-136.
  21. Mensch, B. S., & Kandel, D. B. (1988). Do job conditions influence the use of drug? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 29, 169-184.
  22. Parent-Thirion, A., Fernandez Macias, E., Hurley, J., & Vermeylen, G. (2007). Fourth European working conditions survey. Retrieved June 10, 2011, from
  23. Park, J. S., Lee, G. H., & Kim, J. H. (2007). Report on Korean working conditions survey in 2006. Incheon: Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea Occupational Safety and Health Agency.
  24. Room, R., Ferris, J., Laslett, A. M., Livingston, M., Mugavin, J., & Wilkinson, C. (2010). The drinker's effect on the social environment: A conceptual framework for studying alcohol's harm to others. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7 , 1856-1871
  25. San Jose, B., van de Mheen, H., van Oers, J. A., Mackenbach, J. P., & Garretsen, H. F. (2000). Adverse working conditions and alcohol use in men and women. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 24 (8), 1207-1213.
  26. Seong, J. H., Lee, C. H., Do, H. J., Oh, S. W., Lym, Y. L., Choi, J. K., et al. (2009). Performance of the AUDIT alcohol consumption questions(AUDIT-C) and AUDIT-K question 3 alone in screening for problem drinking. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 30, 395-702.
  27. Vasse, R. M., Nijhuis, F. J., & Kok, G. (1998). Associations between work stress, alcohol consumption and sickness absence. Addiction, 93 (2), 231-241.
  28. Yoo, I. Y., Choi, J. Y., & Jung, M. H. (2004). Level of problem drinking, health status and perception of need for moderate drinking by male blue-collar workers in steel factory. Korean Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 16 (4), 467-474.
  29. Yoon, S. H., Bae, J. Y., Lee, S. W., An, K. E., & Kim, S. E. (2006). The effects of job stress on depression, drinking and smoking among Korean men. Health And Social Sciences , 6 , 31-50.
  30. Yoon, H. Y., & Park, J. J. (2008). A study on job stress of workers at distribution industry. Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering, 31 (4), 41-48.

Cited by

  1. Factors Influencing Problem Drinking of Male Drinkers according to Life Cycle vol.26, pp.2, 2014,