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Comparison of Cuticular Hydrocarbons of Different Developmental Stages of the Spot Clothing Wax Cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae)

꽃매미(Lycorma delicatula)의 발육단계별 표피탄화수소 비교

  • Cho, Sun-Ran (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Jeong-Eun (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Jeong, Jin-Won (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yang, Jeong-Oh (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Yoon, Chang-Mann (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kim, Gil-Hah (Dept. of Plant Medicine, Coll. of Agri. Life and Environ. Sci., Chungbuk National University)
  • 조선란 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 이정은 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 정진원 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 양정오 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 윤창만 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과) ;
  • 김길하 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 식물의학과)
  • Received : 2011.05.31
  • Accepted : 2011.07.20
  • Published : 2011.09.30

Abstract

Aliphatic cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of different developmental stages of the spot clothing wax cicada, Lycorma delicatula (Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) were analyzed using GC and GC-MS. The numbers of carbons in the major CHCs of each developmental stage 32, 33, 28, 38, 37 in the egg, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th instar nymphal stages, and adults, respectively. The cuticle of Lycorma delicatula contains mainly methyl-branched 9-methylheptacosane (15.11%) in the egg stage, and a high proportion of n-heptacosane in nymphal stages (15.75, 22.42, 25.04, and 23.11 % in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th instars, respectively). In contrast, male and female adults had high proportions of n-nonacosane (13.42 and 16.55%). The chemical constituents of CHCs were classified into five groups (n-alkanes, monomethylalkanes, dimethylalkanes, trimethylalkanes, olefins) and group profiles of each developmental stage were compared. Egg surface was composed mainly monomethylalkanes (45.39%), a saturated hydrocarbon. Nymph CHCs consisted primarily of n-alkanes (37.63 to 46.12%). There was a difference between adult male and female CHCs. However, both contained n-alkanes and monomethylalkanes. CHCs with trimethyl or double bonded structure were rare in all stages.

Acknowledgement

Grant : 꽃매미의 친환경적 방제제 개발

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술기획평과원

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