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Physicochemical and Microbial Properties of Korean Traditional Rice Wine, Makgeolli, Supplemented with Black Garlic Extracts during Fermentation

  • Jeong, Yoon-Hwa (Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2011.05.31
  • Accepted : 2011.06.10
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to elucidate the physicochemical and microbiological properties of Korean traditional rice wine, Makgeolli, supplemented with black garlic extract during fermentation. Black garlic extract was diluted with distilled water to produce 0.5% and 1.0% black garlic solutions. Those solutions were then used to make rice solutions which included 2 kg rice, 40 g Nuruk (a fermentation starter), and 14 g yeast. After being mixed, the rice solutions were fermented for 7 days in a water bath at $28^{\circ}C$. The alcohol contents of the control, 0.5% and 1.0% black garlic Makgeolli were 16.9, 16.0, and 16.2%, respectively. Total acidity, total soluble solids, and color increased throughout the fermentation process. There was an increase of microorganisms throughout the fermentation period in all the samples. Glucose was the highest free sugar, and succinic acid was the highest organic acid detected in all the samples. Thirty nine volatile compounds were detected in black garlic Makgeolli.

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