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돈분 액비 관비가 오이의 생육 및 토양화학성에 미치는 영향

Effect of Pig Slurry Fertigation on Soil Chemical Properties and Growth and Development of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.)

  • 투고 : 2011.02.18
  • 심사 : 2011.03.23
  • 발행 : 2011.04.30

초록

본 연구는 시설 하우스 재배에서 돈분뇨 액비와 화학비료의 관비처리가 오이 생육, 무기성분 함량, 수량, 양분흡수량 및 이용률, 토양 화학성에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위하여 수행되었다. 오이 재배 양식은 반촉성과 억제재배이며 시험 처리는 무비, 질소 기준으로 돈분뇨 액비 $26mg\;L^{-1}$, $52mg\;L^{-1}$ 및 화학비료 $52mg\;L^{-1}$ 4처리를 하였다. 돈분뇨 액비와 화학비료 처리는 초장에 차이가 없으나 돈분뇨액비 $26mg\;L^{-1}$ 처리에서 줄기와 뿌리의 생체중과 건물중이 많았다. 잎의 칼슘함량은 돈분뇨 액비 처리에서 낮았으며 뿌리의 칼륨함량은 화학비료 $52mg\;L^{-1}$ 처리에서 낮았다. 줄기의 칼슘함량은 화학비료 $52mg\;L^{-1}$에서 가장 낮았고 과실의 무기성분 함량은 처리간에 차이가 없었다. 돈분뇨 액비 및 화학비료를 처리에서 총수량은 반촉성재배에서 화학비료 $52mg\;L^{-1}$ 처리가 적었으며 비상품과 수량은 돈분뇨 액비 처리에서 적었다. 양분 이용률은 질소 4.2~13.0%, 인산은 1.9~2.0%, 칼륨은 8.3~30.9%로 칼륨, 질소, 인산 순이다. 토양 화학성 중 pH는 돈분뇨 액비 처리가 화학비료 처리보다 높았고 EC 및 질산태 질소함량은 화학비료 처리가 돈분뇨 액비 처리보다 많았다. 치환성 칼륨함량은 돈분뇨 액비 $52mg\;L^{-1}$ 처리구가 높았으며 칼슘과 마그네슘은 처리간에 차이가 없었다. 결과적으로 오이 관비 재배에서 토양 검정에 의한 돈분뇨 액비 시용은 화학비료 질소와 칼리를 대체할 수 있을 것으로 판단되었다.

키워드

Fertigation;Pig slurry;Cucumber;Green house

참고문헌

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