Bile Salts Degradation and Cholesterol Assimilation Ability of Pediococcus pentosaceus MLK67 Isolated from Mustard Leaf Kimchi

갓김치에서 분리된 Pediococcus pentosaceus MLK67의 담즙산 분해능 및 콜레스테롤 동화능

  • Lim, Sung-Mee (Department of Food Science & Technology, Tongmyong University)
  • 임성미 (동명대학교 식품공학과)
  • Received : 2011.09.01
  • Accepted : 2011.09.22
  • Published : 2011.09.30

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the acid and bile tolerance, bile salt hydrolase (BSH) activity, and cholesterol assimilation ability of lactic acid bacteria isolated from mustard leaf kimchi. MLK11, MLK22, MLK27, MLK41, and MLK67 were relatively acid- and bile-tolerant strains, with more than $10^5$ CFU/ml after incubation in simulated gastric juice and intestinal fluid, while MLK53 was the most sensitive strain to acid and bile. Strains MLK22 and MLK67 deconjugated the highest level of sodium glycocholate with more than 3.5 mM of cholic acid released, while deconjugation was lowest by strains MLK13 and MLK41 which released only 1.35 mM and 1.16 mM, respectively. Specially, strains MLK22 and MLK67 showed higher deconjugation of sodium glycocholate compared to sodium taurocholate and conjugated bile mixture. Although strains MLK22 and MLK67 exhibited maximal BSH activity at the stationary phase, MLK22 had somewhat higher total BSH activity compared to MLK67 towards both sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate. Meanwhile, cholesterol removal varied among tested strains (p<0.05) and ranged from 5.22 to 39.16 ${\mu}g$/ml. Especially, MLK67 strain assimilated the highest level of cholesterol in media supplemented with 0.3% oxgall, cholic acid, and taurocholic acid (p<0.05). According to physiological and biological characteristics, pattern of carbohydrate fermentation, and 16S rDNA sequence, strain MLK67 that may be considered as probiotic strain due to acid and bile tolerance and cholesterol-lowering effects was identified as Pediococcus pentosaceus MLK67.

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