Investigation on Inhibitory Effect of ErmSF N-Terminal End Region Peptide on ErmSF Methyltansferase Activity In Vivo Through Development of Co-Expression System of Two Different Proteins in One Cell

서로 다른 두 단백질의 세포 내 동시 발현 체계의 개발을 통한 ErmSF에서 특이적으로 발견되는 N-Terminal End Region (NTER)을 포함하는 펩타이드의 생체내에서의 ErmSF 활성 억제 효과 검색

  • Jin, Hyung-Jong (Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, College of Natural Science, The University of Suwon)
  • 진형종 (수원대학교 자연과학대학 생명공학과)
  • Received : 2011.08.22
  • Accepted : 2011.09.15
  • Published : 2011.09.30

Abstract

Most problematic antibiotic resistance mechanism for MLS (macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramn B) antibiotics encountered in clinical practice is mono- or dimethylation of specific adenine residue at 2058 (E. coli coordinate) of 23S rRNA which is performed by Erm (erythromycin ribosome resistance) protein through which bacterial ribosomes reduce the affinity to the antibiotics and become resistant to them. ErmSF is one of the four gene products produced by Streptomyces fradiae to be resistant to its own antibiotic, tylosin. Unlike other Erm proteins, ErmSF harbors idiosyncratic long N-terminal end region (NTER) 25% of which is comprised of arginine well known to interact with RNA. Furthermore, NTER was found to be important because when it was truncated, most of the enzyme activity was lost. Based on these facts, capability of NTER peptide to inhibit the enzymatic activity of ErmSF was sought. For this, expression system for two different proteins to be expressed in one cell was developed. In this system, two plasmids, pET23b and pACYC184 have unique replication origins to be compatible with each other in a cell. And expression system harboring promoter, ribosome binding site and transcription termination signal is identical but disparate amount of protein could be expressed according to the copy number of each vector, 15 for pACYC and 40 for pET23b. Expression of NTER peptide in pET23b together with ErmSF in pACYC 184 in E. coli successfully gave more amounts of NTER than ErmSF but no inhibitory effects were observed suggesting that there should be dynamicity in interaction between ErmSF and rRNA rather than simple and fixed binding to each other in methylation of 23S rRNA by ErmSF.

Keywords

Co-expression;ErmSF;in vivo assay;MLS (macrolide-incosamide-streptogramin B) antibiotic resistance factor protein;NTER peptide

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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