A Study of the Pattern of Elderly's Internet Usage, Self-efficacy, and Self-esteem

노인의 인터넷 사용 실태, 자아효능감, 자아존중감에 관한 연구

  • Hwang, Eun-Hee (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Shin, Su-Jin (Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Sooncheonhyang University) ;
  • Jung, Duk-Yoo (Division of Nursing Science, College of Health Sciences, Ewha Womans University)
  • 황은희 (원광대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 신수진 (순천향대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 정덕유 (이화여자대학교 건강과학대학 간호과학부)
  • Received : 2011.02.10
  • Accepted : 2011.03.14
  • Published : 2011.03.31


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns of internet usage, selfefficacy, and self-esteem of the elderly. Method: Study participants were 139 older than 60 years of age who had used internet and could access internet anytime at home. Data were collected from March to September, 2009 by using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using PASW/WIN 18.0 program. Results: The meantime of internet use was 8.74 hours per week, frequently used web-site was 'Newspaper and magazine', and subjects mainly used internet 'not to fall behind the times'. The mean score of internet use capability was 2.42, among theses the score of 'Searching necessary information' was the highest. The internet use capability of the subjects was significantly different in terms of education level, spouse, economic status, and the length of use. The mean scores of self-efficacy and self-esteem were $28.22{\pm}4.42$ and $28.51{\pm}4.25$, respectively. Conclusions: These results suggest that the elderly people use internet not to fall behind the times but they have enough capability to use internet searching or e-mailing. Also, it is true that there are many influencing factors on internet use and capability of the elderly. Therefore, it is needed to investigate the internet use of the elderly more closely.



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