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Identification of the SNP (Single Necleotide Polymorphism) of the Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (SCD) Associated with Unsaturated Fatty Acid in Hanwoo (Korean Cattle)

  • Oh, Dong-Yep ;
  • Lee, Yoon-Seok ;
  • Yeo, Jung-Sou
  • Received : 2010.11.12
  • Accepted : 2011.01.19
  • Published : 2011.06.01

Abstract

Fatty acid composition of beef intramuscular tissue is an important trait because high proportions of mono-unsaturated fatty acid are related to favorable beef flavor. In this study, we investigated the effects of genetic factors, such as stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), on beef carcass traits, including fatty acid composition, in the Hanwoo. Analysis of fatty acids in Hanwoo was performed using a breed raised in Gyeonbuk province (n = 395). Compared to the homozygote, the GA, CT, and CT genotypes of exon 5 in the SCD polymorphism showed a higher content of oleic acid (p<0.05) and higher contents of mono-unsaturated fatty acid (p<0.05) and marbling scores (p<0.05) in intramuscular fat. Results of haplotype analysis showed a significant presence of unsaturated fatty acids and marbling score in the $ht1^*ht2$ and $ht2^*ht2$ groups (p<0.05). Furthermore, haplotype effects more powerful than a single gene were also observed. These ht1 and ht2 types also showed a significant difference in unsaturated fatty acids and marbling score, affecting beef flavor in the Hanwoo groups. Therefore, it can be inferred that the ht1 and ht2 types might be valuable new markers for use in improvement of Hanwoo.

Keywords

Hanwoo;Unsaturated Fatty Acid;Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase(SCD);Haplotype;Beef Flavor

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