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Quality Analysis of Diverse Rice Species for Rice Products

쌀 가공제품을 위한 다양한 쌀의 품질분석

Kim, Hye-Ryun;Kwon, Young-Hee;Kim, Jae-Ho;Ahn, Byung-Hak
김혜련;권영희;김재호;안병학

  • Received : 2010.10.25
  • Accepted : 2011.01.26
  • Published : 2011.04.30

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze proximate composition and physicochemical properties according to different kinds of rice. In total, 20 varieties of rice were used (Domestic-19, Imported-1). The moisture contents ranged from $11.11{\pm}0.20$ to $3.28{\pm}0.03%$. The crude protein and crude lipid contents were ranged from $5.04{\pm}0.03$ to $7.02{\pm}0.10%$ and $0.18{\pm}0.01$ to $0.73{\pm}0.05%$, respectively. The mineral contents were Calcium, $3.56{\pm}0.11-6.69{\pm}0.08mg/100g$; Sodium, $3.39{\pm}0.01-17.43{\pm}0.04mg/100g$; Phosphorus, $64.12{\pm}0.88-102.0{\pm}0.36mg/100g$; Zinc, $0.95{\pm}0.01-1.75{\pm}0.0mg/100g$; Iron, $0.19{\pm}0.0-0.69{\pm}0.02g/100g$; Magnesium, $9.89{\pm}0.47-23.31{\pm}0.21mg/100g$; Potassium, $47.11{\pm}3.49-82.19{\pm}1.08mg/100g$;and Manganese, $0.47{\pm}0.0-1.14{\pm}0.01mg/100g$. Eighteen kinds of rice exhibited small kernels. Amylose contents ranged from $10.3{\pm}1.27$ to $19.4{\pm}0.15%$, while starch value ranged from $70.8{\pm}2.67$ to $80.1{\pm}5.09%$. Alkali digestion value was described as 5-6 grade and gel consistency was shown to be 'soft' regardless of the rice kinds.

Keywords

rice;grain quality;amylose;physicochemical property

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