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Two groups of S-layer proteins, SLP1s and SLP2s, in Bacillus thuringiensis co-exist in the S-layer and in parasporal inclusions

  • Zhou, Zhou (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Peng, Donghai (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Zheng, Jinshui (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Guo, Gang (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Tian, Longjun (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Yu, Ziniu (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University) ;
  • Sun, Ming (State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2011.01.05
  • Accepted : 2011.02.28
  • Published : 2011.05.31

Abstract

We screened four B. thuringiensis strains whose parasporal inclusions contained the S-layer protein (SLP), and cloned two slp genes from each strain. Phylogenetic analysis indicated these SLPs could be divided into two groups, SLP1s and SLP2s. To confirm whether SLPs were present in the S-layer or as a parasporal inclusion, strains CTC and BMB1152 were chosen for further study. Western blots with isolated S-layer proteins from strains CTC and BMB1152 in the vegetative phase showed that SLP1s and SLP2s were constituents of the S-layer. Immunofluorescence utilizing spore-inclusion mixtures of strains CTC and BMB1152 in the sporulation phase showed that SLP1s and SLP2s were also constituents of parasporal inclusions. When heterogeneously expressed in the crystal negative strain BMB171, four SLPs from strains CTC and BMB1152 could also form parasporal inclusions. This temporal and spatial expression is not an occasional phenomenon but ubiquitous in B. thuringiensis strains.

Keywords

Bacillus thuringiensis;Parasporal inclusions;S-layer;S-layer protein

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