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Estimate of Ships Emission in Busan Port during 2009 Based on Activity

활동도를 이용한 2009년도 부산항 선박배출량 산정에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2010.09.29
  • Accepted : 2011.03.15
  • Published : 2011.05.31

Abstract

Emission of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides ($NO_x$), hydrocarbons (HC), $SO_2$, and particulate matter (PM) and $CO_2$ from ship during 2009 in Busan port was estimated based on activity-based method. The significant fraction (> 50%) of ship emission resulted from container and general cargo ships. Emission at port operation mode was the most dominant compared to at sea and maneuvering modes. Emission at North port was the largest source of air pollutants among ports. The magnitudes of air pollutants $NO_x$, $SO_2$, HC, $CO_2$, and PM in Busan port were $8.7{\times}10^3$, $8.23{\times}10^3$, $0.35{\times}10^3$, $4.86{\times}10^6$, and $0.67{\times}10^3$ ton/yr, respectively. The ratio of $NO_x$ to VOC is about 25. Our ship emission estimate is 2 times higher than that in CAPSS emission inventory.

Keywords

$NO_x$;Vessel category;Engine power;Actual speed;Emission factor

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국환경산업기술원

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