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Effects of daily quercetin-rich supplementation on cardiometabolic risks in male smokers

  • Lee, Kyung-Hea (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Park, Eun-Ju (Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Hye-Jin (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Myeong-Ok (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Cha, Yong-Jun (Department of Food and Nutrition, Changwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Jung-Mi (Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Hye-Ran (Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University) ;
  • Shin, Min-Jeong (Department of Food and Nutrition, Korea University)
  • Received : 2010.10.12
  • Accepted : 2011.01.06
  • Published : 2011.02.28

Abstract

Limited information from human studies indicates that dietary quercetin supplementation influences blood lipid profiles, glycemic response, and inflammatory status, collectively termed cardiometabolic risks. We tested the hypothesis that quercetin-rich supplementation, derived from onion peel extract, improves cardiometabolic risk components in healthy male smokers in a randomized, double blinded, placebo-controlled parallel design. Randomly assigned subjects were instructed to take either the placebo (n=43) or 100 mg quercetin capsules each day (n=49) for 10 weeks. Anthropometric parameters and blood pressure were measured, and blood lipids, glucose, interleukin-6, and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) were determined at baseline and after 10 weeks of quercetin supplementation. Quercetin-rich supplementation significantly reduced serum concentrations of total cholesterol (P<0.05) and LDL-cholesterol (P<0.01), whereas these effects were not shown in the placebo group. Furthermore, significant increases were observed in serum concentrations of HDL-cholesterol both in the placebo (P<0.005) and quercetin-rich supplementation group (P<0.001); however, changes in HDL-cholesterol were significantly greater in subjects receiving quercetin-rich supplementation than the placebo. Both systolic (P<0.05) and diastolic blood pressure (P<0.01) decreased significantly in the quercetin-rich supplementation group. Glucose concentrations decreased significantly after 10 weeks of quercetin-rich supplementation (P<0.05). In contrast, no effects of quercetin-rich supplementation were observed for the inflammatory markers-IL-6 and sVCAM-1. Daily quercetin-rich supplementation from onion peel extract improved blood lipid profiles, glucose, and blood pressure, suggesting a beneficial role for quercetin as a preventive measure against cardiovascular risk.

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