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Microstructure Control, Forming Technologies of Mg Alloys and Mg Scrap Recycling

마그네슘합금의 조직제어(組織制御)와 성형가공(成形加工) 및 스크랩 리싸이클링 기술(技術)

  • Shim, Jae-Dong (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Hui (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)
  • 심재동 (한국과학기술정보연구원) ;
  • 이동휘 (한국과학기술정보연구원)
  • Received : 2010.11.02
  • Accepted : 2010.12.30
  • Published : 2011.02.26

Abstract

Recently, magnesium alloys are in the spotlight as a promising materials in the fields of automobile parts and electronic appliances due to their merits representing light weight, high specific strength, damping property, shielding of electromagnetic wave and so on. However, magnesium alloys show a poor formability at room temperature because magnesium has HCP crystal structure with limited slip planes and strong basal texture is formed during plastic deformation process such as rolling and extrusion. Therefore, many R&D efforts have been paid for improvement of formability through grain refinement, texture control and various forming technologies. This paper is giving an overview about recent achievements on control of microstructures, forming technologies and magnesium scrap recycling.

마그네슘 합금은 비중이 1.74로 가벼운데다 비강도는 구조용 금속 중에서 가장 크며, 방진성, 전자파 차폐성, 저용점 용 여러 가지 장점이 있어 최근 자동차 부품과 전자산업 제품 분야에서 이용이 크게 기대되는 금속이다. 그러나 마그네슘의 결정구조는 조밀 육방정이기 때문에 소성변형이 가능한 슬립면이 한정되어 있으며 압연이나 압출가공 시에는 강한 집합조직이 형성되어 상온가공이 곤란하다. 따라서 지금까지 성형성 개선을 위한 조직제어와 성형기술 분야에서 많은 연구개발이 이루어져 왔다. 본고에서는 결정립과 집합조직에 관한 미세조직의 제어방법, 용체성형, 압연 및 압출에 관한 성형가공 기술과 마그네슘 스크랩 리싸이클링 기술에 관하여 최근의 연구개발 사례를 소개한다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국과학기술정보연구원(KISTI)

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