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A Literature Review on the Types and Cooking Methods for Dasik during the Joseon Dynasty

조선시대 다식류의 종류 및 조리방법에 대한 문헌적 고찰

  • Oh, Soon-Duk (Department of Food & Nutrition, Seojeong College University)
  • Received : 2011.01.06
  • Accepted : 2011.02.18
  • Published : 2011.02.28

Abstract

This study examined the types and cooking methods for dasik (traditional pressed sweet), as recorded in 16 old Joseon dynasty (1392-1909) studies. The ingredients used in dasik during the Joseon dynasty were categorized into cereal powders, tree fruits, flower powders, root clods, dry-fish beef powders, and vegetables. In the early, middle, and late eras of the Joseon dynasty, $1^{st}$ set (two, five, and 70 kinds of dasik), $2^{nd}$ set (two, four, and 16 kinds of dasik) were prepared using cereal powders, and during the middle and late eras of the Joseon dynasty one and 22 kinds of dasik were prepared using tree fruits. During the late eras of the Joseon dynasty, seven kinds of dasik were prepared using flower powders, 11 kinds of dasik were prepared using root clods, 12 kinds of dasik were prepared using dry-fish beef powders, and two kinds of dasik were prepared using vegetables. The frequency of the ingredients were in the order of Huek-im (黑荏), Hwang-yul (黃栗), Jin-mal (眞末), Song-wha (松花), and Nok-mal (菉末) during the Joseon dynasty. To prepare dasik, the ingredients were mixed with honey, soy sauce, sesame oil, pepper, and water or ground and shredded to prepare for pressing and for abstract dasik, respectively. The appearance and taste of dasik varied, thereby resulting in nutrient supplementation, as the types of ingredients increased throughout the Joseon dynasty. This observation may be associated with the commercial industrial development that prevailed during the late Joseon dynasty. Further investigation will be conducted on the recipes and ingredients recorded in these old studies to develop a standardized recipe for the globalization of dasik.

Keywords

dasik(traditional pressed sweet);tea food;black sesame(黑荏);dry chestnut(黃栗);flour (眞末);pine flower(松花);starch(菉末);yeon yul(燕栗);old literatures;Joseon dynasty

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