Analysis on the First Graders' Recognition and Thinking About Mathematical Patterns

초등학교 1학년 학생들의 수학적 패턴 인식과 사고 과정 분석

  • Received : 2011.01.08
  • Accepted : 2011.02.11
  • Published : 2011.02.28


This study aimed to examine first graders' recognition and thinking about mathematical patterns. To attain the goal, this paper analyzed 116 students' response with regard to repeating, growing, and changing patterns represented in both picture and number, and also analyzed four students' thinking process of the patterns through interview. It was found that students showed high recognition in repeating, growing, and changing patterns in order. Whereas there was no significant difference between picture and number representation in both repeating and growing patterns, pictures gained a bit higher scores than numbers in changing patterns. Also, according to the result of examining the thinking process by the patterns, students tended to consider the patterns as a bundle and tried to solve problems with counting strategies. The result of this paper provides an empirical foundation on how first graders recognize and think of various patterns.