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Therapeutic Effects of Korean Red Ginseng Extract in Egyptian Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases

  • Abdel-Wahhab, Mosaad A. (Food Toxicology & Contaminants Department, National Research Centre) ;
  • Gamil, Khaled (National Liver Institute, Monoufia University) ;
  • El-Kady, Ahmed A. (Food Toxicology & Contaminants Department, National Research Centre) ;
  • El-Nekeety, Aziza A. (Food Toxicology & Contaminants Department, National Research Centre) ;
  • Naguib, Khayria M. (Food Toxicology & Contaminants Department, National Research Centre)
  • Received : 2010.10.18
  • Accepted : 2011.02.07
  • Published : 2011.03.29

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fi fth most common malignancy in the world and complicates liver cirrhosis related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) in many cases. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of Korean red ginseng extract (KGE) in patients with chronic liver diseases. Thirty male and female patients with HCC and another thirty with liver cirrhosis were included. Each category was divided into two groups; the first was used as control group, and received medical therapy only and the second group received the medical therapy supplemented with KGE capsules. The treated group with HCC received three KGE capsules/day (900 mg) while the treated group with HCV received two KGE capsules/day (600 mg) for 11 weeks along with their medical therapy. All patients were subjected to clinical examination and laboratory investigations, including liver function tests (at baseline, after 6 weeks of treatment and at the end of the study) and abdominal ultrasonography. Patients showing focal hepatic lesions were subjected to triphasic spiral abdominal computerized tomography and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). HCV RNA was determined quantitatively by Roche for patients in the HCV group. Results showed that the medical therapy alone failed to normalize the liver enzymes or decrease the virus concentration. KGE administration induced a significant improvement in liver function tests, decreased the tumor marker (AFP) levels, and decreased the viral titers in HCV patients. Thus, KGE demonstrated powerful therapeutic effects against HCV and liver cancer.

Keywords

Panax ginseng;Neoplasms;Egypt;Hepacivirus;Korean ginseng;Liver diseases

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