DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Germination Characteristics and Early Growth of Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum Seeds

두메양귀비(Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum) 종자의 발아특성과 초기생장에 관한 연구

  • Ahn, Young-Hee (Department of Applied Plant Science, College of Natural Science, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Son, Ja-Eun (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Sung-Je (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Jin, Ying-Hua (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Choe, Chang-Yong (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Kyung-Mee (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Mee-Young (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Lee, Seok-Chang (Department of Horticultural Science, Graduate school, Chung-Ang University)
  • 안영희 (중앙대학교 식물응용과학과) ;
  • 손자은 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 이성제 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 김영화 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 최창용 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 이경미 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 김미영 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과) ;
  • 이석창 (중앙대학교 대학원 원예과학과)
  • Received : 2011.03.23
  • Accepted : 2011.04.11
  • Published : 2011.04.30

Abstract

This experiment was held to identify the germination feature of Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum which has high economical value. Seeds were collected in the Mt. Changbai in China. To eliminate dormancy of the seeds, chilling treatment were carried out in the $5^{\circ}C$ refrigerator. 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, 120 days of chilling treatments were taken. After being Treated, seeds were under 15, 20, $25^{\circ}C$ of temperature and light, dark conditions respectively to see the differences in germination. Within many features, germination ratio of seeds and germination period were investigated. Also, features related to early growth were checked through the closer look into acrospire, growth of cotyledon of young plant. Over 30 days of chilling treatment was all effective. Especially, 120 days of chilling treatment was most effective. The seeds germinated well in the light conditions. 120 days of chilling treatment, $15^{\circ}C$, light conditions were found to be most effective conditions as 54.5% of the seeds germinated. The germination period was 4.29 days. 30 days after germinating, length of the aerial part had been 1.90 cm. But after 45 days, the length grew rapidly to 4.58 cm. Fresh weight of scales plant was also increased dramatically after 45 days. Therefore, transporting the plant 45 days after seeding judged to be good.

Keywords

Papaver radicatum var. pseudoradicatum;Germination;Dormancy;Chilling;Transporting

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. 姚晴晴, 唐丽, 张婉, 崔勋, 崔箭, 2007, 野罂粟的质量标准研究[J], 山东中医杂志, 5, 14-18.
  2. 陳大珂, 溤宗緯, 1985, 長白山高山及亞高山植被, 森林生態系統硏究, 5,49-56.
  3. Ahn, Y. H., Lee, S. J., Lee, S. H., 2007, Ecological characteristics and distribution of Native Trillium tschonoskii iapaver radicatum var. pseudodadicatum in Ulleung Island, Kor. J. harmacogn, 38, 1-9.
  4. Ahn, Y. H., 2008, The native plants of Korea, Kimmyoung Press, 92.
  5. Ahn, Y. H., Cui, J., Cui, X., Lee, S. H., Jin, Y. H., Choe, C. Y., 2010, Ecological characteristics of Papaver radicatum var. pseudodadicatum population on Mt. Changbai in China, Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 19, 1047-1055. https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2010.19.8.1047
  6. Ju, Y. W., Kim, C., Byun, S. Y., 1993, Precursor Feeding Effects of Alkaloid Production in Suspension Cultures of Eschscholitzia californica, Korean J. Biotechnol. Bioeng, 8, 488-494.
  7. Kang, W. C., Yoo, Y. K., Kwon, O. K., Kim, K. S., 1995, Seed germination of several native plants, Abstract of Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci., 222-223.
  8. Karlsson, L. M., Milberg, P., 2007, Seed dormancy pattern and germination preferences of the South African annual Papaver aculeatum, South African Journal of Botany, 73, 422-428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2007.03.007
  9. Kim, G. T., 2004, A study on the seed characteristics and germination percent of several native herb species, Kor. J. Env. Eco., 18, 1-6.
  10. Kim, S., Park, M. S., Park, H. K., Jang, Y. S., 1995, Studies on the seed development and germination of Adenophora tryphylla, Korean J. Medicinal Crop Sci., 3, 66-70.
  11. Kozlowski, T. T., 1972, Seed Biology, Physiological Ecology, Academic Press, New York, 2-93.
  12. Lee, H. J., Kim, S. J., Kim, S. H., Kim, S. Y., 1986, Effects of Temperature , pH, Light and Degree of Oxygen Supply on the Germination of Papaver somniferum L. Seeds, J. of Ecology and field biology, 9, 19-24.
  13. Lee, Y. N., 2006, New flora of korea, Kyohak Publishing Co., 235.
  14. Park, K. W., Lee, G. P., Park, K. W., Jeong, J. C., 1998, Seed morphology of thirty Korean wild green species and effect of seed stratification on germination, J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci., 39, 129-134.
  15. Seong, R. C., Park, K. Y., Cho, J. Y., 1990, Effects of low temperature and water potential on germination and seedling elongation of local collection Chinese milkvetch, Korean J. Breed, 22, 205-210.
  16. Song, J. S., Lee, J. S., 2002, Dormancy and germination characteristics of seed and plant of Primula sieboldi, J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci., 43, 91-94.
  17. Yang, Y. J., Kim, Y. S., 1993, Seed germination of Korean wild medicinal plants, J. Kor. Soc. Hort. Sci., 34, 315-319.

Cited by

  1. by liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry vol.41, pp.12, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201701402