- Volume 11 Issue 2
DOI QR Code
Behavior of multi-story steel buildings under dynamic column loss scenarios
- Hoffman, Seth T. (Peter Kiewit Sons' Inc.) ;
- Fahnestock, Larry A. (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
- Received : 2010.08.30
- Accepted : 2011.02.14
- Published : 2011.03.25
This paper presents a computational study of column loss scenarios for typical multi-story steel buildings with perimeter moment frames and composite steel-concrete floors. Two prototype buildings (three-story and ten-story) were represented using three-dimensional nonlinear finite element models and explicit dynamic analysis was used to simulate instantaneous loss of a first-story column. Twelve individual column loss scenarios were investigated in the three-story building and four in the ten-story building. This study provides insight into: three-dimensional load redistribution patterns; demands on the steel deck, concrete slab, connections and members; and the impact of framing configuration, building height and column loss location. In the dynamic simulations, demands were least severe for perimeter columns within a moment frame, but the structures also exhibited significant load redistribution for interior column loss scenarios that had no moment connectivity. Composite action was observed to be an important load redistribution mechanism following column loss and the concrete slab and steel deck were subjected to high localized stresses as a result of the composite action. In general, the steel buildings that were evaluated in this study demonstrated appreciable robustness.
multi-story buildings;steel frames;structural integrity;progressive collapse;connections;composite beams;dynamic response;finite element method
- Alashker, Y., El-Tawil, S. and Sadek, F. (2010), "Progressive collapse resistance of steel-concrete composite floors," J. Struct. Eng., 136(10), 1187-1196, 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000230. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000230
- Alashker, Y. and El-Tawil, S. (2010), "Robustness of steel buildings: 3-D modeling, simulation and evaluation." Proc., ASCE Struct. Cong. Orlando, FL.
- DoD (2009), "Design of buildings to resist progressive collapse: UFC 4-023-03," United States Department of Defense. Washington, DC.
- Fahnestock, L.A., Sause, R. and Ricles, J.M. (2006), "Analytical and large-scale experimental studies of earthquake-resistant bucking-restrained braced frame systems," ATLSS Report No. 06-01. Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA.
- FEMA (2000a), State of the Art Report on Systems Performance of Steel Moment Frames Subject to Earthquake Ground Shaking: FEMA-355C. Federal Emergency Management Agency. Washington, DC.
- FEMA (2000b), State of the Art Report on Connection Performance: FEMA 355D. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, DC.
- Foley, C.M., Martin, K. and Scheenman, C. (2007), "Robustness in structural steel framing systems," Report No. MU-CEEN-SE-07-01, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI.
- Fu, F. (2009), "Progressive collapse analysis of high-rise building with 3-D finite element modeling method," J. Const. Steel. Res., 65(6), 2369-1278.
- Fu, F. (2010), "3-D nonlinear dynamic progressive collapse analysis of multi-storey steel composite frame buildings," Parametric study. Eng. Struct., 32, 3974-3980. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.09.008
- Izzuddin, B.A., Vlassis, A.G., Elghazouli, A.Y. and Nethercot, D.A. (2008), "Progressive collapse of multi-storey buildings due to sudden column loss - Part I: Simplified assessment framework." Eng. Struct., 30, 1308-1318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2007.07.011
- Khandelwal, K. and El-Tawil, S. (2007) "Collapse behavior of steel special moment resisting frame connections." J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 134(5), 646-655.
- Khandelwal, K., El-Tawil, S., Kunnath, S.K. and Lew, S.H. (2008), "Macromodel-based simulation of progressive collapse: steel frame structures." J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 134(7), 1070-1078. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:7(1070)
- Khandelwal, K., El-Tawil, S. and Sadek, F. (2009), "Progressive collapse analysis of seismically designed steel braced frames." J. Const. Steel. Res., 65, 699-708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.02.007
- Krauthammer, T, Yim, H.C. (2009), "Localized damage effects on building robustness." Proceedings, ASCE Struct. Cong. Austin, TX.
- Kwasniewski, L. (2010), "Nonlinear dynamic simulations of progressive collapse for a multistory building." Eng. Struct., 32, 1223-1235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2009.12.048
- Main, J.A. and Sadek, F. (2009), "Development of 3D models of steel moment-frame buildings for assessment of robustness and progressive collapse vulnerability." Proceedings, ASCE Structures Congress 2009, Austin, TX.
- Sadek, F., El-Tawil, S. and Lew, H.S. (2008), "Robustness of composite floor systems with shear connections: modeling, simulation, and evaluation." J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 134(11), 1717-1725. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:11(1717)
- Sadek, F., Main, J.A. and Lew, H.S. (2009), "Testing and analysis of steel beam-column assemblies under column-removal scenarios." Proceedings, ASCE Structures Congress, Austin, TX.
- Simulia (2010), Abaqus FEA.
- Vlassis, A.G., Izzuddin, B.A., Elghazouli, A.Y. and Nethercot, D.A. (2008), "Progressive collapse of multi-storey buildings due to sudden column loss- Part II: Application." Eng. Struct., 30(5), 1424-1438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2007.08.011
- Experimental Behavior of a Half-Scale Steel Concrete Composite Floor System Subjected To Column Removal Scenarios vol.142, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001398
- Progressive collapse analysis of two existing steel buildings using a linear static procedure vol.48, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2013.48.2.207
- Finite element analysis assessing partial catenary action in steel beams vol.109, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2015.02.004
- Consequence-based robustness assessment of a steel truss bridge vol.14, pp.4, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2013.14.4.379
- Computational Simulation of Gravity-Induced Progressive Collapse of Steel-Frame Buildings: Current Trends and Future Research Needs vol.140, pp.8, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000897
- Large-Scale Experimental Tests of Composite Steel Floor Systems Subjected to Column Loss Scenarios vol.144, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001929