Hydrodynamic Modeling for Discharge Analysis in a Dielectric Medium with the Finite Element Method under Lightning Impulse

  • Lee, Ho-Young (School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Se-Hee (School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2010.08.24
  • Accepted : 2010.12.08
  • Published : 2011.05.02


The response of lightning impulse voltage was explored in dielectric liquids employing hydrodynamic modeling with three charge carriers using the finite element method. To understand the physical behavior of discharge phenomena in dielectric liquids, the response of step voltage has been extensively studied recently using numerical techniques. That of lightning impulse voltage, however, has rarely been investigated in technical literature. Therefore, in this paper, we tested impulse response with a tip-sphere electrode which is explained in IEC standard #60897 in detail. Electric field-dependent molecular ionization is a common term for the breakdown process, so two ionization factors were tested and compared for selecting a suitable coefficient with the lightning impulse voltage. To stabilize our numerical setup, the artificial diffusion technique was adopted, and finer mesh segmentation was generated along with the axial axis. We found that the velocity from the numerical result agrees with that from the experimental result on lightning impulse breakdown testing in the literature.


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