The Effects of Heat Therapy on Low Back Pain, Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

경피적 관상동맥 중재술 후 온요법이 요통, 혈압 및 맥박에 미치는 효과

  • Yun, So-Young (College of Nursing, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Cho, Bok-Hee (College of Nursing, Chonnam National University, Chonnam Research Institute of Nursing Science)
  • 윤소영 (전남대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 조복희 (전남대학교 간호대학, 전남대학교 간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2010.08.06
  • Accepted : 2011.06.30
  • Published : 2011.08.31

Abstract

Purpose: This study was done to examine the effects of heat therapy on low back pain, blood pressure and pulse rate after percutaneous coronary intervention. Method: The participants in this study were 40 patients who were admitted after having percutaneous coronary intervention. The experimental group, 20 patients, had heat therapy and the control group, 20 patients, maintained a supine position for 12 hours after the intervention. Back pain (VAS), blood pressure and pulse rate were measured just after removal of the sheath, and at 2-hour intervals up to 6 hours. Data were analyzed using SPSS 15.0. Results: The experimental group had significantly lower VAS for low back pain (F=23.44, p=.001). However no significant differences were found between two groups for blood pressure and pulse rate. Conclusion: The findings indicate that heat therapy is effective in reducing low back pain in patients who have had percutaneous coronary intervention. Therefore, heat therapy could be used as nursing intervention percutaneous coronary intervention.

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