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Association between adherence to the Korean Food Guidance System and the risk of metabolic abnormalities in Koreans

  • Jung, Hyun-Ju (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, Sung-Nim (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Song, Su-Jin (Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University) ;
  • Paik, Hee-Young (Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Baik, Hyun-Wook (Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology & Clinical Nutrition, DMC Bundang Jesaeng Hospital) ;
  • Joung, Hyo-Jee (Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University)
  • Received : 2011.08.02
  • Accepted : 2011.12.12
  • Published : 2011.12.31

Abstract

Consumption of a diet consistent with dietary guidelines is believed to have a beneficial effect on the prevention of chronic diseases and the promotion of general health. This study was conducted to explore the relationship between adherence to the Korean Food Guidance System (KFGS), which was based on the 2010 revised KDRIs, and the risk of metabolic abnormalities. Five hundred and ninety-six Korean adults between 30 and 59 years of age were recruited by advertisement to the Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital (BJGH), and those not taking regular medications and without diagnoses of fulminant disease were included. Data were collected on anthropometric measurements, diagnostic parameters for metabolic syndrome (MetS), and 3-day dietary intakes from individuals in the study. The number of servings consumed from each food group was compared to the KFGS recommended servings for each of the 6 food groups. Poor adherence to the recommendations for servings of milk and dairy products (OR: 2.038, 1.128-3.682) was associated with a higher risk of MetS, and poor adherence to the guidelines for fruit consumption (OR: 1.849, 1.027-3.329) was associated with a higher risk for the existence an elevated waist circumference. Conversely, the consumption of meat, fish, eggs, and beans above the recommended number of servings was associated with a lower risk of having an elevated waist circumference (OR: 0.523, 0.288-0.950), and the consumption of vegetables above the recommended number of servings was associated with a reduced risk of having elevated fasting glucose (OR: 0.533, 0.298-0.954). These results suggest that adherence to the KFGS guidelines helps to prevent the development of MetS, but this association needs to be confirmed by prospective studies.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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