Relationship between Employment Status and Mental Health in a Sample of Marriage Immigrant Women - Mediating Effect of Social Adaptation -

여성결혼이민자의 근로유무가 정신건강에 미치는 영향 - 사회적응을 매개로 -

  • Received : 2011.07.06
  • Accepted : 2011.08.26
  • Published : 2011.11.30


The purpose of this study is to examine mediating effects of social adaptation on the relationship between employment status and mental health in a sample of marriage immigrant women. Social adaptation was assessed with Korean proficiency and the length of residence in Korea. Participants comprised of a total of 247 marriage immigrant women who reside in Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi-Do. The data were analyzed by the PASW Statistics 18.0 and the AMOS 18.0 software. The results showed that the social adaptation was a full mediator of the relationship between employment status and mental health. It is plausible to state that employment status may enhance social adaptation, which in turn improve mental health among marriage immigrant women. The implication of our findings is that as employment and social adaptation are important elements of mental health among the marriage immigrate women, education and social support system regarding these antecedent factors should be implemented.