A Debate on the Reform of Childcare Policy in Korea - A Critique of 'Free Choice' about Caring and its Alternative -

보육서비스 정책 개편 쟁점에 관한 연구 - 돌봄에 관한 자유선택론에 대한 비판과 대안모색 -

  • Received : 2011.06.07
  • Accepted : 2011.07.10
  • Published : 2011.08.31


This study aims to criticize the recent reform of childcare policy since 2008, which goes for marketization, individualization, and familialization, and to search for its alternative. First, this study analyzes the problems of the above three options based on the context of 'free choice', while examining how welfare regimes have dealt with the changes in childcare policy. Second, the study reviews several controversies in the process of policy formation for childcare service, including coverage of service recipient, policy direction, outcome, efficiency, and priority. Third, it proposes an alternative for accomplishing universal childcare service delivery system. Finally, the paper is to point out that the reform of childcare policy of MB government carries fundamental problems of reinforcing class stratification and gender stratification, and thus dose not attain the ultimate goal of childcare policy.