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Analysis of Honeybee-Keeping Management Types and Skills Level in Korea

양봉농가의 경영형태와 기술수준 분석

  • Kim, An-Sig (Department of Technical Development, Hongseong Agriculture Technology Center) ;
  • Seok-Eun, Kim (Department of Animal Resources Science, Kongju National University) ;
  • Gye-Woong, Kim (Department of Animal Resources Science, Kongju National University)
  • 김안식 (홍성군농업기술센터) ;
  • 김석은 (공주대학교 동물자원학과) ;
  • 김계웅 (공주대학교 동물자원학과)
  • Received : 2010.03.26
  • Accepted : 2010.10.13
  • Published : 2011.02.28

Abstract

For the improvement of productivity of beekeepers and to develop new management strategy through the analysis of current honeybee-keeping management types and evaluation of related skills and basis in Korea were surveyed. The serial surveys were carried out in 2008 for a total of 253 beekeepers from different localities in Korea. The results revealed that 145.9 colonies of honeybee were managed by each beekeeper in Korea. The beekeepers group who were younger than 55 years possessed 191.7 colonies. The older age group of beekeepers kept rather smaller number of colonies. The career groups over 15 years in apiculture were keeping 176.0 colonies in average. The numbers of bee colonies were not significantly different among localities and educational backgrounds. The migratory apiaries with 145.9 hives were dominant than those fixed ones with 83.0 (p<0.01). It was observed that 57.8% of apiaries were located in the vicinity of farmer's house, whereas 30.3% were managed in mountain area; however older group (65.4%) preferred to keep it near their houses (p<0.05). The proportion (35.7%) of part-time fixed apiary was the highest among four apiary management types. The younger group and high career group operated full-time migratory apiary (38.8% and 40.3%) (p<0.05), respectively. However, the older group and low career group preferred as part-time fixed one (43.2% and 46.6%), respectively (p<0.001). There was no significant difference among localities. The surveyed beekeepers produced propolis, commercial colonies, pollen, royal jelly, and pollination hives in addition to honey. The group of less than 15 years career and mountain apiary mainly produced propolis and pollen. However, those who dwell in small and middle areas mainly produced propolis and commercial colonies. The levels related to beekeeping skills and basis were evaluated as intermediate from 3.11 and 2.86 points on 5 points scale, respectively. More careered group having skill level of 3.33 point and basis level of 3.02 showed higher levels than less careered one. The levels of skill and basis evaluated from age groups and localities were similar with each other with no significance.

Keywords

Honeybee-keeping;Management types;Skills level;Analysis

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