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Effect of Grass Filter Strips on NO3-N in Runoff from Forage Cropland

사료작물 재배지에서 초지식생대를 이용한 NO3-N 저감효과에 관한 연구

  • Jo, Nam-Chul (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Kim, Won-Ho (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Seo, Sung (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Yoon, Sei-Hyung (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Lee, Ki-Won (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Choi, Ki-Choon (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.) ;
  • Jung, Min-Woong (Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, R. D. A.)
  • 조남철 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 김원호 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 서성 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 윤세형 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 이기원 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 최기춘 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원) ;
  • 정민웅 (농촌진흥청 국립축산과학원)
  • Received : 2010.07.30
  • Accepted : 2010.11.05
  • Published : 2011.02.28

Abstract

The performance of grass filter strips (GFS) in abating $NO_3$-N concentrations from the forage cropland was tested in an experiment on the 10% slope in Grassland and Forages Division, National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration (RDA) from October 2007 to September 2009. Forage croplands with rye-corn double cropping system applied with chemical fertilizer and livestock manure (LM) were compared in a natural condition. The plots were hydrologically isolated in a randomized block layout of 3 treatments $\times$ 2 factors $\times$ 3 replicates. Main plots consisted of the length of GFS, such as 0 m, 5 m, 10m and 15m. Sub plots consisted of the type of LM, such as chemical fertilizer (CF), cattle manure (CM) and swine manure (SM). Dry matter yields of rye and corn increased significantly in order of CF > CM > SM (p<0.05). Concentrations of $NO_3$-N in surface runoff water were reduced as the length of GFS increased. Especially, GFS with 10 m and 15m reduced $NO_3$-N concentrations significantly compared to that with 0 m and 5 m (p<0.05). The results from this study suggest that GFS improved the removal and trapping of manure nutrients from forage croplands.

Keywords

Grass filter strips;Run-off;Manure;Forage;$NO_3$-N

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