Response of Soil Properties to Land Application of Pig Manure Liquid Fertilizer in a Rice Paddy

돈분뇨 액비가 시용된 논토양 특성 변화

  • Kim, Min-Kyeong (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kwon, Soon-Ik (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Seong-Soo (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Han, Min-Soo (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Jung, Goo-Bok (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA) ;
  • Kang, Kee-Kyung (Department of Agricultural Environment, National Academy of Agricultural Science, RDA)
  • 김민경 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부) ;
  • 권순익 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부) ;
  • 강성수 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부) ;
  • 한민수 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부) ;
  • 정구복 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부) ;
  • 강기경 (국립농업과학원 농업환경부)
  • Received : 2011.07.26
  • Accepted : 2011.12.14
  • Published : 2011.12.31

Abstract

A wide diversity of liquid fertilizers and composts produced from the livestock manure in Korea is commonly applied to agricultural lands as an alternative of chemical fertilizers. However, their effects on the crop production and environmental impacts are still vague. The current study was investigated the property changes of paddy soils in sandy loam and silty loam treated with 1) control (no treatment), 2) chemicals, 3) storage liquid fertilizer and 4) SCB liquid fertilizer located in Gyeong-gi province, Korea. The chemical properties of soils in sandy loam and silty loam before the treatment were similar with the ones in the average paddy fields in Korea. Contrary to this, the amount of available phosphorus in sandy loam was higher than the one in the average paddy fields. The number of living organisms in sandy loam and silty loam treated with storage liquid fertilizer and SCB liquid fertilizer were higher than the ones in sandy loam and silty loam with no-treatment and chemicals. Significant difference (P<0.05) among the treatments and no-treatment was observed in sandy loam rather than in silty loam. The amounts of heavy metals were the highest in both sandy loam and silty loam treated with storage liquid fertilizer and SCB liquid fertilizer. The comparison of heavy metals showed that the ones in silty loam were little bit higher than sandy loam. The leaf lengths and dry weights of rices were increased over time, however, no significant difference was observed among each treament. In addition, the rice yield in sandy loam treated with SCB liquid fertilizer was higher than the ones in sandy loam. The highest rice yield was obtained from sandy loam treated with chemicals, but there was no significant difference between storage liquid fertilizer and SCB liquid fertilizer. While the rate of nutrient absorption by rices was the highest in sandy loam and silty loam treated with chemicals, there was no significant difference in sandy loam and silty loam treated with livestock liquid manure.

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